Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) is an important patient-reported outcome, yet research regarding HRQoL during pregnancy is limited. We examined HRQoL during pregnancy using the Patient Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) Global Short Form (GSF) and validated the GSF compared to legacy HRQoL measures. We evaluated HRQoL among 161 women seeking pregnancy care in urban clinic settings. Participants completed measures of HRQoL, social support, antenatal depression, and utility. Descriptive statistics and correlation coefficients were calculated. Participants averaged 27(±6.6) years and were culturally diverse: 42% self-identified as Hispanic, 37% Black, non-Hispanic, 14% White, non-Hispanic and 7% multiracial or other. Mean estimated gestational age was 9 (±4.6) weeks. PROMIS GSF Physical T-scores were significantly correlated with SF-12 Physical Component Score (PCS) and Mental Component Score (MCS) HRQoL measures (correlation coefficient=0.40 and 0.49, p-value<0.0001, respectively), the Modified Kendler Social Support Index (MKSSI) (correlation coefficient=0.42, p-value<0.0001), and the Visual Analog Scale (VAS) measure of utility (correlation coefficient=0.19, p-value =0.04). GSF Mental T-scores were associated with SF-12 MCS and PCS (correlation coefficient=0.66, p-value<0.0001, and 0.26, p-value<0.01, respectively), MKSSI (correlation coefficient=0.50, p-value<0.0001), and VAS (correlation coefficient=0.29, p-value<0.01). GSF Physical and Mental scores were inversely associated with the Edinburgh Postpartum Depression Scale (EPDS), correlation coefficient= −0.62 and − 0.71, respectively (p-value<0.0001). GSF-derived utility measures demonstrate significant correlation with SF-12 PCS and MCS, MKSSI, EPDS, and VAS. Overall, PROMIS GSF domains demonstrate correlation with legacy HRQoL measures as well as validated measures of social support, depression, and utility among a diverse cohort of pregnant women.
- Health related quality of life (HRQoL)
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Life-span and Life-course Studies