Clinical aspects of dementia in African-American, Hispanic, and white patients

Rita Hargrave, Maria Stoeklin, Mary Haan, Bruce R Reed

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations


This article examines the relationship between ethnicity, cognitive deficits, functional impairment, and psychiatric symptoms in patients with dementia. The data are from a cross-sectional study of patients evaluated at the Northern California Alzheimer's Disease Center (ADC). Using the ADC database of patient information, the authors compared sociodemographic and clinical variables in 187 African-American patients, 69 Hispanic patients, and 1317 white patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD), ischemic vascular dementia (IVD), and mixed dementia (AD/IVD). Multivariate analysis indicated the following results: 1. African-American patients and Hispanic AD patients had lower risk of depressed mood compared to white patients; 2. African-American patients had lower risk for anxiety than whites; 3. Hispanic patients with mixed dementia had lower rates of apathy compared to whites. Future studies are needed to examine how ethnic group differences in dementia are based on the interaction of cultural differences; effects of age, education, and psychosocial variables; and biologica differences in the course of dementia.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)15-21
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of the National Medical Association
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2000


  • Alzheimer's disease
  • Dementia
  • Geriatric psychiatry

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


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