Clinical and genetic linkage analysis of a large Venezuelan kindred with Usher syndrome

Ivan J. Keogh, R. N. Godinho, T. Po Wu, A. M Diaz De Palacios, N. Palacios, M. Bello De Alford, M. I De Almada, N. Marpalacios, A. Vazquez, R. Mattei, C. Seidman, J. Seidman, R. D. Eavey

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3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To undertake a comprehensive investigation into the very high incidence of congenital deafness on the Macano peninsula of Margarita Island, Venezuela. Methods: Numerous visits were made to the isolated island community over a 4-year-period. During these visits, it became apparent that a significant number of individuals complained of problems with hearing and vision. Socioeconomic assessments, family pedigrees and clinical histories were recorded on standard questionnaires. All individuals underwent thorough otolaryngologic and ophthalmologic examinations. Twenty milliliters of peripheral venous blood was obtained from each participant. A Genome-wide linkage analysis study was performed. Polymorphic microsatellite markers were amplified by polymerase chain reaction and separated on polyacrylamide gels. An ABI 377XL sequencer was used to separate fragments and LOD scores were calculated by using published software. Results: Twenty-four families were identified, comprising 329 individuals, age range 1-80 years, including 184 children. All families were categorized in the lower two (least affluent) socioeconomic categories. A high incidence of consanguinity was detected. Fifteen individuals (11 adults, 4 children) had profound congenital sensorineural hearing loss, vestibular areflexia and retinitis pigmentosa. A maximum LOD score of 6.76 (Linkage >3.0), between markers D11s4186 and D11s911, confirmed linkage to chromosome 11q13.5. The gene myosin VIIA (MYO7A) was confirmed in the interval. Clinical and genetic findings are consistent with a diagnosis of Usher syndrome 1B for those with hearing and vision problems. Conclusions: We report 15 Usher syndrome 1B individuals from a newly detected Latin American socio-demographic origin, with a very high prevalence of 76 per 100,000 population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1063-1068
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Volume68
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2004
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • Linkage analysis
  • Myosin VIIA
  • Retinitis pigmentosa
  • Sensorineural hearing loss
  • Usher syndrome 1B

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Surgery

Cite this

Keogh, I. J., Godinho, R. N., Wu, T. P., De Palacios, A. M. D., Palacios, N., De Alford, M. B., Almada, M. I. D., Marpalacios, N., Vazquez, A., Mattei, R., Seidman, C., Seidman, J., & Eavey, R. D. (2004). Clinical and genetic linkage analysis of a large Venezuelan kindred with Usher syndrome. International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology, 68(8), 1063-1068. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2004.04.005