The transition from fetal to neonatal life is a dramatic and complex process involving extensive physiologic changes, which are most obvious at the time of birth. Individuals who care for newly born infants must monitor the progress of the transition and be prepared to intervene when necessary. In the majority of births, this transition occurs without a requirement for any significant assistance. If newborns require assistance, the majority of the time respiratory support is all that is required. In some instances, however, there are circulatory emergencies that need to be rapidly identified or there may be dire consequences including death in the delivery room. This chapter will review various pathologies that are circulatory emergencies, and discuss how to assess them. We will also review new technologies which may help providers better understand the circulatory status or hemodynamic changes in the delivery room including heart rate, cardiac output, cerebral oxygenation and echocardiography.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health