Cigarette smoking, exercise and high density lipoprotein cholesterol

Bryant A. Stamford, Sharleen Matter, Ronald D. Fell, Stanley Sady, Paula Papanek, Mary Cresanta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

38 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Cigarette smoking is associated with depressed levels of HDL-C, whereas exercise is associated with elevated levels of HDL-C. The purpose was to determine effects of smoking and exercise on blood lipids and lipoproteins in middle-aged males. It was hypothesized that smoking may attenuate the effects of exercise to elevate HDL-C. A total of 269 males (70 smokers) met all criteria for inclusion in the study population. Age, height, weight, body fatness via hydrostatic weighing, daily caloric consumption and alcohol intake, and smoking habits and history were determined. Interviews concerning physical activity patterns were conducted and cardiovascular responses to treadmill exercise were determined. Subjects were grouped as sedentary (low activity), participants in vigorous recreational activities (moderate activity) and joggers/runners (high activity). Analysis of covariance with adjustments for factors which may affect blood lipids and lipoproteins was employed. Smokers demonstrated lower HDL-C and higher total cholesterol levels than nonsmokers. High activity subjects demonstrated significantly higher HDL-C levels than the low and moderate groups which did not differ. High activity smokers did not differ from low activity nonsmokers with respect to HDL-C. This supports the proposed hypothesis. Nonsmokers were higher in weight and body fatness than smokers even though smokers consumed 288 more calories per day on the average. This suggests that smoking may account for a significant number of calories through altered metabolism or some other means.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)73-83
Number of pages11
JournalAtherosclerosis
Volume52
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1984
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

HDL Cholesterol
Smoking
Lipoproteins
Body Weight
Lipids
Body Height
Hypercholesterolemia
Alcohol Drinking
Habits
History
Interviews
Population

Keywords

  • Cigarette smoking
  • Diet
  • Exercise training
  • High desity lipoproteins

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Cite this

Stamford, B. A., Matter, S., Fell, R. D., Sady, S., Papanek, P., & Cresanta, M. (1984). Cigarette smoking, exercise and high density lipoprotein cholesterol. Atherosclerosis, 52(1), 73-83. https://doi.org/10.1016/0021-9150(84)90157-6

Cigarette smoking, exercise and high density lipoprotein cholesterol. / Stamford, Bryant A.; Matter, Sharleen; Fell, Ronald D.; Sady, Stanley; Papanek, Paula; Cresanta, Mary.

In: Atherosclerosis, Vol. 52, No. 1, 1984, p. 73-83.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Stamford, BA, Matter, S, Fell, RD, Sady, S, Papanek, P & Cresanta, M 1984, 'Cigarette smoking, exercise and high density lipoprotein cholesterol', Atherosclerosis, vol. 52, no. 1, pp. 73-83. https://doi.org/10.1016/0021-9150(84)90157-6
Stamford BA, Matter S, Fell RD, Sady S, Papanek P, Cresanta M. Cigarette smoking, exercise and high density lipoprotein cholesterol. Atherosclerosis. 1984;52(1):73-83. https://doi.org/10.1016/0021-9150(84)90157-6
Stamford, Bryant A. ; Matter, Sharleen ; Fell, Ronald D. ; Sady, Stanley ; Papanek, Paula ; Cresanta, Mary. / Cigarette smoking, exercise and high density lipoprotein cholesterol. In: Atherosclerosis. 1984 ; Vol. 52, No. 1. pp. 73-83.
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