Summary: Football places high demands on the foot and ankle, which inevitably lead to chronic changes that are likely related to exposure time to football. Chronic footballer's ankle (CFA) comprises a spectrum of pathology from mechanical instability to functional instability (Fig. 1) and includes ligament instability, tendinopathy, articular cartilage damage, and tibiotalar osteophytes. Recognition of the individual facets of CFA is necessary for effective diagnosis and treatment.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Title of host publication||Football Traumatology: Current Concepts: From Prevention to Treatment|
|Number of pages||19|
|ISBN (Print)||8847004187, 9788847004184|
|State||Published - 2006|
ASJC Scopus subject areas