Chronic exercise training does not alter pulmonary vasorelaxation in normal pigs

Lynelle R Johnson, M. Harold Laughlin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

Exercise training increases acetylcholine-induced pulmonary vasorelaxation in pigs with coronary occlusion. The present study tested the hypothesis that chronic exercise training enhances endothelium-mediated vasorelaxation in pulmonary arteries from normal pigs. Yucatan miniswine exercised for 16 wk on a treadmill (Ex); control pigs (Sed) remained in pens. Pulmonary artery rings (2- to 3-mm OD) were studied using standard isometric techniques. Contractile responses to 80 mM KCl and norepinephrine (NE) were determined. Vessels were constricted with levels of NE that resulted in half- maximal contraction to examine endothelium-dependent relaxation to ACh and endothelium-independent relaxation to sodium nitroprusside in the presence and absence of nitric oxide synthase inhibition, cyclooxygenase inhibition, and endothelial denudation. Arteries from Ex pigs developed increased contraction to 80 mM KCl, but the response to NE did not differ between groups. Endothelium-dependent and endothelium-independent responses did not differ between Sed and Ex in the presence or absence of pharmacological inhibitors or denudation. We conclude that chronic exercise training does not alter endothelium-dependent or endothelium-independent vasorelaxation responses of pulmonary arteries from normal pigs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2008-2014
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Applied Physiology
Volume88
Issue number6
StatePublished - 2000
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • Nitric oxide synthase
  • Porcine
  • Pulmonary circulation
  • Voltage-gated calcium channels

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Endocrinology
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

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