Chromosome Congression by Kinesin-5 Motor-Mediated Disassembly of Longer Kinetochore Microtubules

Melissa K. Gardner, David C. Bouck, Leocadia V. Paliulis, Janet B. Meehl, Eileen T. O'Toole, Julian Haase, Adelheid Soubry, Ajit P. Joglekar, Mark Winey, Edward D. Salmon, Kerry Bloom, David J. Odde

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

123 Scopus citations

Abstract

During mitosis, sister chromatids congress to the spindle equator and are subsequently segregated via attachment to dynamic kinetochore microtubule (kMT) plus ends. A major question is how kMT plus-end assembly is spatially regulated to achieve chromosome congression. Here we find in budding yeast that the widely conserved kinesin-5 sliding motor proteins, Cin8p and Kip1p, mediate chromosome congression by suppressing kMT plus-end assembly of longer kMTs. Of the two, Cin8p is the major effector and its activity requires a functional motor domain. In contrast, the depolymerizing kinesin-8 motor Kip3p plays a minor role in spatial regulation of yeast kMT assembly. Our analysis identified a model where kinesin-5 motors bind to kMTs, move to kMT plus ends, and upon arrival at a growing plus end promote net kMT plus-end disassembly. In conclusion, we find that length-dependent control of net kMT assembly by kinesin-5 motors yields a simple and stable self-organizing mechanism for chromosome congression.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)894-906
Number of pages13
JournalCell
Volume135
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 28 2008
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • MOLIMMUNO
  • SIGNALING

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

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    Gardner, M. K., Bouck, D. C., Paliulis, L. V., Meehl, J. B., O'Toole, E. T., Haase, J., Soubry, A., Joglekar, A. P., Winey, M., Salmon, E. D., Bloom, K., & Odde, D. J. (2008). Chromosome Congression by Kinesin-5 Motor-Mediated Disassembly of Longer Kinetochore Microtubules. Cell, 135(5), 894-906. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cell.2008.09.046