ML-236B is a competitive inhibitor of 3-hydroxy-3-methyl-glutaryl coenzyme A (HMG CoA) reductase, the key regulatory enzyme in the sequence that catalyzes the conversion of acetate to mevalonic acid in cholesterol biosynthesis. This compound caused marked inhibition of human bone marrow granulocyte progenitor cell (CFU-C) proliferation, the 50% inhibitory concentration (IHD50) being 2.0 X 10-6M. Inhibition of colony formation was reversed by mevalonic acid but not by cholesterol. ML-236B also inhibited DNA synthesis and acetate incorporation into cholesterol in marrow mononuclear cells (IHD50 = 5.6 X 10-6M and 3.2 X 10-7 M, respectively). No inhibition of mevalonate incorporation into cholesterol was observed. These results differ from those observed with 25-hydroxycholesterol, another inhibitor of HMG CoA reductase. The latter compound also inhibited CFU-C proliferation and cholesterol biosynthesis from acetate; inhibition of colony formation was reversed by cholesterol but not by mevalonic acid. In addition, 25-hydroxycholesterol inhibited cholesterol synthesis from mevalonic acid precursor. We conclude that: (1) ML-236B is a potent inhibitor of CFU-C proliferation, DNA synthesis, and cholesterol biosynthesis from acetate precursor in marrow mononuclear cells; (2) the effects of ML-236B are completely reversed by mevalonic acid but not by cholesterol, suggesting that mevalonic acid per se or one or more of its nonsterol products are critical for cell growth; (3) the inhibitory effects of 25-hydroxycholesterol on CFU-C proliferation and cholesterol biosynthesis are not solely a result of its inhibition of HMG-CoA reductase, but are due in part to inhibition of enzymatic steps distal to mevalonic acid in the sterol synthetic pathway; and (4) mevalonic acid and cholesterol are independent requirements for CFU-C proliferation and differentiation in vitro.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|State||Published - 1983|
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