Cholecystokinin inhibits gastric motility and emptying via a capsaicin-sensitive vagal pathway in rats

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219 Scopus citations

Abstract

The pathway by which cholecystokinin octapeptide (CCK-8) inhibits motility of the proximal stomach and the role of this pathway in the CCK-induced delay in gastric emptying of a liquid meal has been studied in rats by selective destruction of vagal afferent C-fibers using bilateral perineural application of the sensory neurotoxin, capsaicin, 3 or 4 days prior to the experiment. The capsaicin treatment significantly attenuated the decrease in intragastric pressure in urethan-anesthetized rats in response to CCK-8 (0.1-100 pmol iv) compared with vehicle-treated controls. Removal of the celiac-superior mesenteric ganglion completely abolished the inhibitory action of CCK-8 on gastric motility in these rats. In contrast, only celiac ganglionectomy in combination with vagotomy abolished the CCK-8 effect in vehicle-treated controls. Intravenous injection of CCK-8 (300 pmol) 5 min before intragastric administration of a methylcellulose solution decreased gastric emptying by 55% in conscious control or vehicle-treated rats. Perivagal capsaicin treatment abolished the delay in gastric emptying induced by CCK-8. In addition, capsaicin treatment alone significantly increased gastric emptying. These results demonstrate that CCK-8 decreases gastric motility in the gastric corpus and delays gastric emptying by a capsaicin-sensitive vagal afferent pathway. These same afferent fibers may also play a physiological role in the gastric emptying of liquids.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology
Volume255
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1988
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Gastroenterology

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