Cholecystokinin-58 is more potent in inhibiting food intake than cholecystokinin-8 in rats

Joerg Glatzle, Helen E Raybould, Markus A. Kueper, Joseph R. Reeve, Tilman T. Zittel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

Introduction: Several cholecystokinin (CCK) forms have been detected in plasma, but most studies on food intake investigated the effects of CCK-8 only. Recently, it has been demonstrated that CCK-58 is the only endocrine-active form of CCK in rats. Methods: CCK-58 was synthesized with a peptide synthesizer using FMOC chemistry and CCK-58 effects on food intake were compared to CCK-8 in rats. Results: Both CCK-58 and CCK-8 inhibited food intake in a dose-dependent manner and were equally potent at 30 min. CCK-58 showed a prolonged inhibition of food intake compared to CCK-8 at the higher dose tested (7 nmol/kg), inhibiting food intake also at 60 min, and cumulative food intake was inhibited for up to 210 min by CCK-58. Conclusions: CCK-58 has the same potency in inhibiting food intake as CCK-8 in rats, but inhibits food intake longer. This might be due to its tertiary structure resulting in a delayed plasma degradation or a prolonged binding at the CCK receptor. As CCK-58 is the major CCK form in the gut wall and possibly in the circulating blood in humans, the effects of CCK on food intake might have been underestimated in the past.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)69-74
Number of pages6
JournalNutritional Neuroscience
Volume11
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2008

Keywords

  • CCK-58
  • CCK-8
  • Food intake
  • Rat

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Food Science

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