Background and Aims: Prompt and accurate differentiation of benign and malignant strictures in primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) is crucial. ERCP with brush cytology, the most common modality to achieve this, is hindered by a low diagnostic yield. Cholangioscopy can overcome this limitation by establishing a visual diagnosis based on the characteristic morphologic features of cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) and can aid in targeted biopsies of suspicious lesions. However, its role in PSC remains unclear. This case series demonstrates the performance of the latest generation of single-operator cholangioscope for this indication. Methods: A single experienced endoscopist performed cholangioscopy for PSC cases referred for ERCP. Results: Cholangioscopies of patients 1 to 3 demonstrate the features of extrahepatic duct dominant strictures (DS) and the cholangioscopic maneuvers undertaken in these cases, including advancement across the DS after balloon dilation, biopsy of the DS, and electrohydraulic lithotripsy of impacted stones. Cholangioscopies of patients 4 to 6 demonstrate the varied features of CCA ranging from focal stricture with tumor vessels, papillary frond-like projections, and features of an intraductal papillary biliary neoplasm. Also shown are the radiographic and histopathologic features of the disease. Conclusions: Cholangioscopy allowed us to identify morphologic features of both malignancy and benign disease in PSC in the setting of extrahepatic duct strictures, and we were able to obtain adequate targeted tissue samples for histopathologic confirmation.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging