Chocolate and health: On the vascular effects of flavanols in cocoa

Javier I. Ottaviani, Carl L Keen, Cesar G. Fraga

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Cardiovascular disease (CVD), including stroke, is a leading cause of death and disability in developed countries. Hypertension is central in CVD as well as numerous other health problems, including diabetes and obesity-related diseases. Strategies employed for the prevention or treatment of hypertension and CVD range from pharmacological approaches to lifestyle adjustment, with diet being one of the most important variables that can be altered. In this paper we review evidence concerning the potential positive health effects of chocolate and cocoa products, especially with respect to vascular health and hypertension. Studies have shown that the consumption of flavanol-rich chocolate and cocoa products can decrease blood pressure and promote vasodilation. Evidence will be reviewed that supports the concept that the flavanols in cocoa and chocolate increase the vasodilator nitric oxide (NO), and that this NO contributes to the positive vascular effects of these foods.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)6-9
Number of pages4
JournalAgro Food Industry Hi-Tech
Volume20
Issue number6 SUPPL. 1
StatePublished - Nov 2009

Fingerprint

Cocoa
chocolate
flavanols
cocoa products
blood vessels
hypertension
cardiovascular diseases
Blood Vessels
Cardiovascular Diseases
Health
Hypertension
nitric oxide
Nitric oxide
Nitric Oxide
Medical problems
obesity-related diseases
Social Adjustment
vasodilator agents
vasodilation
Vasodilator Agents

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

Cite this

Ottaviani, J. I., Keen, C. L., & Fraga, C. G. (2009). Chocolate and health: On the vascular effects of flavanols in cocoa. Agro Food Industry Hi-Tech, 20(6 SUPPL. 1), 6-9.

Chocolate and health : On the vascular effects of flavanols in cocoa. / Ottaviani, Javier I.; Keen, Carl L; Fraga, Cesar G.

In: Agro Food Industry Hi-Tech, Vol. 20, No. 6 SUPPL. 1, 11.2009, p. 6-9.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Ottaviani, JI, Keen, CL & Fraga, CG 2009, 'Chocolate and health: On the vascular effects of flavanols in cocoa', Agro Food Industry Hi-Tech, vol. 20, no. 6 SUPPL. 1, pp. 6-9.
Ottaviani JI, Keen CL, Fraga CG. Chocolate and health: On the vascular effects of flavanols in cocoa. Agro Food Industry Hi-Tech. 2009 Nov;20(6 SUPPL. 1):6-9.
Ottaviani, Javier I. ; Keen, Carl L ; Fraga, Cesar G. / Chocolate and health : On the vascular effects of flavanols in cocoa. In: Agro Food Industry Hi-Tech. 2009 ; Vol. 20, No. 6 SUPPL. 1. pp. 6-9.
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