The CHO mutant UV61 was previously assigned to complementation group 6 of UV-sensitive rodent cell mutants. UV61 is less sensitive to killing by UV radiation than mutants such as UV5, which is highly defective in the incision process that acts on UV-induced lesions. The D37 for cell survival is ∼4 J/m2 for UV61, compared with 10 J/m2 for the parental AA8 line and ∼2 J/m2 for UV5. Similarly, mutation induction at the hprt and aprt loci shows an intermediate response to UV61. In a post-replication recovery assay, the kinetics of maturation of pulse-labelled nascent DNA were normal after UV irradiation in UV61. Data from alkaline elution and alkaline unwinding assays showed that the rates of break accumulation and reseating, measured 0-120 min after irradiation, were also normal in the mutant. This repair incision correlated with the rapid, normal removal of pyrimidine(6-4)pyrimidone photoproducts in UV61 measured using a radioimmunoassay that is specific for this class of damage. In contrast, after exposure to 10 or 15 J/m2, no detectable removal of cyclobutane dimers from DNA was found in UV61 while AA8 cells removed 32% by 24 h. We suggest that the mutation in UV61 specifically lowers the affinity of a repair protein for cyclobutane dimers, which are also inefficiently removed from the bulk DNA of normal CHO cells. The resistance of UV61 to killing by the direct acting chemical 7-bromomethylbenz[a]anthracene was only slightly greater than that of UV5, indicating defective repair of bulky chemical adducts in addition to cyclobutane dimers. We conclude that (6-4) photoproducts are both cytotoxic and mutagenic in CHO cells and that the incision events observed early after UV-irradiation result from the repair of (6-4) photoproducts rather than cyclobutane dimers.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Statistics, Probability and Uncertainty
- Applied Mathematics
- Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis