Children are not little adults: Blood transfusion in children with burn injury

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Blood transfusion in burns larger than 20% total body surface area (TBSA) are frequent due to operative procedures, blood sampling, and physiologic response to burn injury. Optimizing the use of blood transfusions requires an understanding of the physiology of burn injury, the risks and benefits of blood transfusion, and the indications for transfusion. Age also plays a role in determining blood transfusion requirements. Children in particular have a different physiology than adults, which needs to be considered prior to transfusing blood and blood products. This article describes the physiologic differences between children and adults in general and after burn injury and describes how these differences impact blood transfusion practices in children.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number24
JournalBurns and Trauma
Volume5
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2017

Keywords

  • Blood transfusion
  • Burn injury
  • Pediatric

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine
  • Emergency Medicine
  • Surgery
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Dermatology
  • Immunology and Allergy

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