Childhood sexual abuse severity and disclosure predict posttraumatic stress symptoms and biomarkers in ethnic minority women

Dorie A. Glover, Tamra Burns Loeb, Jennifer Vargas Carmona, Andres F Sciolla, Muyu Zhang, Hector F. Myers, Gail E. Wyatt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

39 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: Adult posttraumatic stress symptoms and a biomarker index of current health risk in childhood sexual abuse (CSA) survivors were investigated in relation to CSA severity, disclosure, and other peri- and post-trauma factors. Method: A community sample of 94 African American and Latina female CSA survivors was assessed. Results: Severe CSA predicted posttraumatic stress symptoms overall, avoidance/numbing symptoms, and greater biomarker risk and was not mediated by post-trauma variables. Moderate CSA severity was mediated by post-trauma disclosure, predicted reexperiencing symptoms, but was unrelated to biomarker risk. No overall ethnic differences were found. Conclusion: Results suggest targets for interventions to improve the well-being of minority women CSA survivors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)152-173
Number of pages22
JournalJournal of Trauma and Dissociation
Volume11
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2010

Fingerprint

Sex Offenses
Disclosure
Biomarkers
Survivors
Wounds and Injuries
Hispanic Americans
African Americans
Health

Keywords

  • Biomarkers
  • Child sexual abuse
  • Ethnic minority women
  • Posttraumatic stress
  • Trauma severity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Clinical Psychology

Cite this

Childhood sexual abuse severity and disclosure predict posttraumatic stress symptoms and biomarkers in ethnic minority women. / Glover, Dorie A.; Loeb, Tamra Burns; Carmona, Jennifer Vargas; Sciolla, Andres F; Zhang, Muyu; Myers, Hector F.; Wyatt, Gail E.

In: Journal of Trauma and Dissociation, Vol. 11, No. 2, 04.2010, p. 152-173.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Glover, Dorie A. ; Loeb, Tamra Burns ; Carmona, Jennifer Vargas ; Sciolla, Andres F ; Zhang, Muyu ; Myers, Hector F. ; Wyatt, Gail E. / Childhood sexual abuse severity and disclosure predict posttraumatic stress symptoms and biomarkers in ethnic minority women. In: Journal of Trauma and Dissociation. 2010 ; Vol. 11, No. 2. pp. 152-173.
@article{4ca6b32219a749b7918fbcf0ec227cb1,
title = "Childhood sexual abuse severity and disclosure predict posttraumatic stress symptoms and biomarkers in ethnic minority women",
abstract = "Objective: Adult posttraumatic stress symptoms and a biomarker index of current health risk in childhood sexual abuse (CSA) survivors were investigated in relation to CSA severity, disclosure, and other peri- and post-trauma factors. Method: A community sample of 94 African American and Latina female CSA survivors was assessed. Results: Severe CSA predicted posttraumatic stress symptoms overall, avoidance/numbing symptoms, and greater biomarker risk and was not mediated by post-trauma variables. Moderate CSA severity was mediated by post-trauma disclosure, predicted reexperiencing symptoms, but was unrelated to biomarker risk. No overall ethnic differences were found. Conclusion: Results suggest targets for interventions to improve the well-being of minority women CSA survivors.",
keywords = "Biomarkers, Child sexual abuse, Ethnic minority women, Posttraumatic stress, Trauma severity",
author = "Glover, {Dorie A.} and Loeb, {Tamra Burns} and Carmona, {Jennifer Vargas} and Sciolla, {Andres F} and Muyu Zhang and Myers, {Hector F.} and Wyatt, {Gail E.}",
year = "2010",
month = "4",
doi = "10.1080/15299730903502920",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "11",
pages = "152--173",
journal = "Journal of Trauma and Dissociation",
issn = "1529-9732",
publisher = "Routledge",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Childhood sexual abuse severity and disclosure predict posttraumatic stress symptoms and biomarkers in ethnic minority women

AU - Glover, Dorie A.

AU - Loeb, Tamra Burns

AU - Carmona, Jennifer Vargas

AU - Sciolla, Andres F

AU - Zhang, Muyu

AU - Myers, Hector F.

AU - Wyatt, Gail E.

PY - 2010/4

Y1 - 2010/4

N2 - Objective: Adult posttraumatic stress symptoms and a biomarker index of current health risk in childhood sexual abuse (CSA) survivors were investigated in relation to CSA severity, disclosure, and other peri- and post-trauma factors. Method: A community sample of 94 African American and Latina female CSA survivors was assessed. Results: Severe CSA predicted posttraumatic stress symptoms overall, avoidance/numbing symptoms, and greater biomarker risk and was not mediated by post-trauma variables. Moderate CSA severity was mediated by post-trauma disclosure, predicted reexperiencing symptoms, but was unrelated to biomarker risk. No overall ethnic differences were found. Conclusion: Results suggest targets for interventions to improve the well-being of minority women CSA survivors.

AB - Objective: Adult posttraumatic stress symptoms and a biomarker index of current health risk in childhood sexual abuse (CSA) survivors were investigated in relation to CSA severity, disclosure, and other peri- and post-trauma factors. Method: A community sample of 94 African American and Latina female CSA survivors was assessed. Results: Severe CSA predicted posttraumatic stress symptoms overall, avoidance/numbing symptoms, and greater biomarker risk and was not mediated by post-trauma variables. Moderate CSA severity was mediated by post-trauma disclosure, predicted reexperiencing symptoms, but was unrelated to biomarker risk. No overall ethnic differences were found. Conclusion: Results suggest targets for interventions to improve the well-being of minority women CSA survivors.

KW - Biomarkers

KW - Child sexual abuse

KW - Ethnic minority women

KW - Posttraumatic stress

KW - Trauma severity

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=77951176366&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=77951176366&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1080/15299730903502920

DO - 10.1080/15299730903502920

M3 - Article

C2 - 20373204

AN - SCOPUS:77951176366

VL - 11

SP - 152

EP - 173

JO - Journal of Trauma and Dissociation

JF - Journal of Trauma and Dissociation

SN - 1529-9732

IS - 2

ER -