Childhood sexual abuse severity and disclosure predict posttraumatic stress symptoms and biomarkers in ethnic minority women

Dorie A. Glover, Tamra Burns Loeb, Jennifer Vargas Carmona, Andres F Sciolla, Muyu Zhang, Hector F. Myers, Gail E. Wyatt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

42 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: Adult posttraumatic stress symptoms and a biomarker index of current health risk in childhood sexual abuse (CSA) survivors were investigated in relation to CSA severity, disclosure, and other peri- and post-trauma factors. Method: A community sample of 94 African American and Latina female CSA survivors was assessed. Results: Severe CSA predicted posttraumatic stress symptoms overall, avoidance/numbing symptoms, and greater biomarker risk and was not mediated by post-trauma variables. Moderate CSA severity was mediated by post-trauma disclosure, predicted reexperiencing symptoms, but was unrelated to biomarker risk. No overall ethnic differences were found. Conclusion: Results suggest targets for interventions to improve the well-being of minority women CSA survivors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)152-173
Number of pages22
JournalJournal of Trauma and Dissociation
Volume11
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2010

    Fingerprint

Keywords

  • Biomarkers
  • Child sexual abuse
  • Ethnic minority women
  • Posttraumatic stress
  • Trauma severity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Clinical Psychology

Cite this