Childhood drowning and near-drowning in the United States

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

85 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

More than 2000 children drown each year; in some states drowning is considered the leading cause of death for children under the age of 5 years. Many survivors of near-drowning have permanent neurologic disability. There are two distinct high risk groups: children under 5 years of age and boys aged 15 to 19 years. Most drownings in the former group occur in residential pools. Among survivors, the clinical course is bimodal; intact survival and survival with severe permanent disability are the most likely outcomes. The outcome of an immersion event is determined within a few minutes of the onset of immersion, mandating an emphasis on primary prevention. A requirement for pool fencing is the most promising such strategy and could be implemented soon. Training in cardiopulmonary resuscitation and (for older children) alcohol abuse prevention programs may be valuable adjuncts.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)663-669
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican Journal of Diseases of Children
Volume144
Issue number6
StatePublished - 1990

Fingerprint

Near Drowning
Immersion
Survivors
Survival
Child Abuse
Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation
Primary Prevention
Nervous System
Alcoholism
Cause of Death

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Cite this

Childhood drowning and near-drowning in the United States. / Wintemute, Garen J.

In: American Journal of Diseases of Children, Vol. 144, No. 6, 1990, p. 663-669.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{8302d011ef794ee9b78bbefb53bdbe8b,
title = "Childhood drowning and near-drowning in the United States",
abstract = "More than 2000 children drown each year; in some states drowning is considered the leading cause of death for children under the age of 5 years. Many survivors of near-drowning have permanent neurologic disability. There are two distinct high risk groups: children under 5 years of age and boys aged 15 to 19 years. Most drownings in the former group occur in residential pools. Among survivors, the clinical course is bimodal; intact survival and survival with severe permanent disability are the most likely outcomes. The outcome of an immersion event is determined within a few minutes of the onset of immersion, mandating an emphasis on primary prevention. A requirement for pool fencing is the most promising such strategy and could be implemented soon. Training in cardiopulmonary resuscitation and (for older children) alcohol abuse prevention programs may be valuable adjuncts.",
author = "Wintemute, {Garen J}",
year = "1990",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "144",
pages = "663--669",
journal = "JAMA Pediatrics",
issn = "2168-6203",
publisher = "American Medical Association",
number = "6",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Childhood drowning and near-drowning in the United States

AU - Wintemute, Garen J

PY - 1990

Y1 - 1990

N2 - More than 2000 children drown each year; in some states drowning is considered the leading cause of death for children under the age of 5 years. Many survivors of near-drowning have permanent neurologic disability. There are two distinct high risk groups: children under 5 years of age and boys aged 15 to 19 years. Most drownings in the former group occur in residential pools. Among survivors, the clinical course is bimodal; intact survival and survival with severe permanent disability are the most likely outcomes. The outcome of an immersion event is determined within a few minutes of the onset of immersion, mandating an emphasis on primary prevention. A requirement for pool fencing is the most promising such strategy and could be implemented soon. Training in cardiopulmonary resuscitation and (for older children) alcohol abuse prevention programs may be valuable adjuncts.

AB - More than 2000 children drown each year; in some states drowning is considered the leading cause of death for children under the age of 5 years. Many survivors of near-drowning have permanent neurologic disability. There are two distinct high risk groups: children under 5 years of age and boys aged 15 to 19 years. Most drownings in the former group occur in residential pools. Among survivors, the clinical course is bimodal; intact survival and survival with severe permanent disability are the most likely outcomes. The outcome of an immersion event is determined within a few minutes of the onset of immersion, mandating an emphasis on primary prevention. A requirement for pool fencing is the most promising such strategy and could be implemented soon. Training in cardiopulmonary resuscitation and (for older children) alcohol abuse prevention programs may be valuable adjuncts.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0025295904&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0025295904&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

VL - 144

SP - 663

EP - 669

JO - JAMA Pediatrics

JF - JAMA Pediatrics

SN - 2168-6203

IS - 6

ER -