Childbearing and child care in surgery

Kathrin L Troppmann, Hung S Ho, James E Goodnight Jr, A. S. Rothhammer, A. Rahim Moossa, S. G. Gabram, C. Edward Hartford, A. Hayes-Jordan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

71 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Hypothesis: The responsibility for childbearing and child care has a major effect on general surgical residency and subsequent surgical practice. Methods: A survey of all graduates from a university general surgical training program between 1989 and 2000. Results: Twenty-seven women and 44 men completed general surgical training at our university during the period, and 42 (59%) responded to our survey. The age at completion of the residency was 34.0 ± 2.2 years for men and 33.9 ± 2.8 years for women. During residency, 64% (14/22) of the men and 15% (3/20) of the women had children. At the time of the survey, 21 (95%) of the men and 8 (40%) of the women had children. Most residents (24 [57%] 1 of 42) relied on their spouse for child care. During surgical practice, 18 (43%) indicated that they rely on their spouse; 19 (45%) use day care, home care, or both; and (8%) of 26 are unsatisfied with their current child care arrangement. During training, 38% (5/13) of men and 67% (2/3) of women took time off for maternity leave, paternity leave, or child care. Two of 3 surgeons would like to have had more time off during residency; most men (70%, or 7 of 10) recommended a leave of 1 to 3 months, and all women preferred a 3-month maternity or child care leave of absence. During surgical practice, only 12% (2/17) of men but 64% (7/11) of women have taken time off for either childbearing or child care. Half of the respondents (21/42) have a formal leave of absence policy at work, 52% (11/21) of which are paid leave programs. Although the workweek of our practicing graduates is 69± 16 hours for men and 64± 12 hours for women, 62% (26/42) spend more than 20 hours per week parenting. More than 80% (27/32) would consider a part-time surgical practice for more parenting involvement; one third of the responders suggested that 30 hours a week constitutes a reasonable part-time practice, one third preferred fewer than 30 hours, and one third favored more than 30 hours per week. Data are presented as mean±SD. Conclusions: Childbearing and child care may have an enormous impact on one's decision to pursue a career in surgery. To attract and retain the best candidates for future surgeons, formal policies on the availability of child care services in the residency program and the workplace should be studied and implemented. Furthermore, national studies are needed to define appropriate, acceptable workweeks for part-time or flexible practices and the duration of leaves of absence for childbeanng or child care.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)649-655
Number of pages7
JournalArchives of Surgery
Volume136
Issue number6
StatePublished - 2001

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Child Care
Internship and Residency
Parental Leave
Parenting
Spouses
Home Care Services
Workplace
Education
Surveys and Questionnaires

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

Cite this

Troppmann, K. L., Ho, H. S., Goodnight Jr, J. E., Rothhammer, A. S., Rahim Moossa, A., Gabram, S. G., ... Hayes-Jordan, A. (2001). Childbearing and child care in surgery. Archives of Surgery, 136(6), 649-655.

Childbearing and child care in surgery. / Troppmann, Kathrin L; Ho, Hung S; Goodnight Jr, James E; Rothhammer, A. S.; Rahim Moossa, A.; Gabram, S. G.; Edward Hartford, C.; Hayes-Jordan, A.

In: Archives of Surgery, Vol. 136, No. 6, 2001, p. 649-655.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Troppmann, KL, Ho, HS, Goodnight Jr, JE, Rothhammer, AS, Rahim Moossa, A, Gabram, SG, Edward Hartford, C & Hayes-Jordan, A 2001, 'Childbearing and child care in surgery', Archives of Surgery, vol. 136, no. 6, pp. 649-655.
Troppmann KL, Ho HS, Goodnight Jr JE, Rothhammer AS, Rahim Moossa A, Gabram SG et al. Childbearing and child care in surgery. Archives of Surgery. 2001;136(6):649-655.
Troppmann, Kathrin L ; Ho, Hung S ; Goodnight Jr, James E ; Rothhammer, A. S. ; Rahim Moossa, A. ; Gabram, S. G. ; Edward Hartford, C. ; Hayes-Jordan, A. / Childbearing and child care in surgery. In: Archives of Surgery. 2001 ; Vol. 136, No. 6. pp. 649-655.
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abstract = "Hypothesis: The responsibility for childbearing and child care has a major effect on general surgical residency and subsequent surgical practice. Methods: A survey of all graduates from a university general surgical training program between 1989 and 2000. Results: Twenty-seven women and 44 men completed general surgical training at our university during the period, and 42 (59{\%}) responded to our survey. The age at completion of the residency was 34.0 ± 2.2 years for men and 33.9 ± 2.8 years for women. During residency, 64{\%} (14/22) of the men and 15{\%} (3/20) of the women had children. At the time of the survey, 21 (95{\%}) of the men and 8 (40{\%}) of the women had children. Most residents (24 [57{\%}] 1 of 42) relied on their spouse for child care. During surgical practice, 18 (43{\%}) indicated that they rely on their spouse; 19 (45{\%}) use day care, home care, or both; and (8{\%}) of 26 are unsatisfied with their current child care arrangement. During training, 38{\%} (5/13) of men and 67{\%} (2/3) of women took time off for maternity leave, paternity leave, or child care. Two of 3 surgeons would like to have had more time off during residency; most men (70{\%}, or 7 of 10) recommended a leave of 1 to 3 months, and all women preferred a 3-month maternity or child care leave of absence. During surgical practice, only 12{\%} (2/17) of men but 64{\%} (7/11) of women have taken time off for either childbearing or child care. Half of the respondents (21/42) have a formal leave of absence policy at work, 52{\%} (11/21) of which are paid leave programs. Although the workweek of our practicing graduates is 69± 16 hours for men and 64± 12 hours for women, 62{\%} (26/42) spend more than 20 hours per week parenting. More than 80{\%} (27/32) would consider a part-time surgical practice for more parenting involvement; one third of the responders suggested that 30 hours a week constitutes a reasonable part-time practice, one third preferred fewer than 30 hours, and one third favored more than 30 hours per week. Data are presented as mean±SD. Conclusions: Childbearing and child care may have an enormous impact on one's decision to pursue a career in surgery. To attract and retain the best candidates for future surgeons, formal policies on the availability of child care services in the residency program and the workplace should be studied and implemented. Furthermore, national studies are needed to define appropriate, acceptable workweeks for part-time or flexible practices and the duration of leaves of absence for childbeanng or child care.",
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AU - Ho, Hung S

AU - Goodnight Jr, James E

AU - Rothhammer, A. S.

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AU - Gabram, S. G.

AU - Edward Hartford, C.

AU - Hayes-Jordan, A.

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N2 - Hypothesis: The responsibility for childbearing and child care has a major effect on general surgical residency and subsequent surgical practice. Methods: A survey of all graduates from a university general surgical training program between 1989 and 2000. Results: Twenty-seven women and 44 men completed general surgical training at our university during the period, and 42 (59%) responded to our survey. The age at completion of the residency was 34.0 ± 2.2 years for men and 33.9 ± 2.8 years for women. During residency, 64% (14/22) of the men and 15% (3/20) of the women had children. At the time of the survey, 21 (95%) of the men and 8 (40%) of the women had children. Most residents (24 [57%] 1 of 42) relied on their spouse for child care. During surgical practice, 18 (43%) indicated that they rely on their spouse; 19 (45%) use day care, home care, or both; and (8%) of 26 are unsatisfied with their current child care arrangement. During training, 38% (5/13) of men and 67% (2/3) of women took time off for maternity leave, paternity leave, or child care. Two of 3 surgeons would like to have had more time off during residency; most men (70%, or 7 of 10) recommended a leave of 1 to 3 months, and all women preferred a 3-month maternity or child care leave of absence. During surgical practice, only 12% (2/17) of men but 64% (7/11) of women have taken time off for either childbearing or child care. Half of the respondents (21/42) have a formal leave of absence policy at work, 52% (11/21) of which are paid leave programs. Although the workweek of our practicing graduates is 69± 16 hours for men and 64± 12 hours for women, 62% (26/42) spend more than 20 hours per week parenting. More than 80% (27/32) would consider a part-time surgical practice for more parenting involvement; one third of the responders suggested that 30 hours a week constitutes a reasonable part-time practice, one third preferred fewer than 30 hours, and one third favored more than 30 hours per week. Data are presented as mean±SD. Conclusions: Childbearing and child care may have an enormous impact on one's decision to pursue a career in surgery. To attract and retain the best candidates for future surgeons, formal policies on the availability of child care services in the residency program and the workplace should be studied and implemented. Furthermore, national studies are needed to define appropriate, acceptable workweeks for part-time or flexible practices and the duration of leaves of absence for childbeanng or child care.

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