Child dietary intake of folate and vitamin B12 and their neurodevelopment at 24 and 30 months of age

Giovanna Gatica-Domínguez, Stephen J. Rothenberg, Luisa Torres-Sánchez, María de Lourdes Schnaas, Rebecca Jean Schmidt, Lizbeth López-Carrillo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective. To evaluate whether child dietary intake of folate and vitamin B12, is associated with mental and psychomotor development in Mexican children, respectively, at 24 and 30 months of age. Materials and methods. Information about neurodevelopment and dietary intake of folate and vitamin B12 at 24 and 30 months of age among 229 children belonging to a perinatal cohort was analyzed longitudinally. Dietary information was assessed using a semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire, and neurodevelopment by Bayley Scale of Infant Development II. Results. At 30 months of age, dietary folate intake was marginally associated with increased Mental Development Index (MDI) (β=8.33; 95%CI -0.48, 17.14; p=0.06). Nonsignificant positive associations of vitamin B12 with MDI were found. Psychomotor Development Index (PDI) was not associated with these nutrients. Conclusion. Dietary folate intake in early childhood may benefit the mental development of children.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)388-394
Number of pages7
JournalSalud Publica de Mexico
Volume60
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2018

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Keywords

  • Child development
  • Diet
  • Folic acid
  • Vitamin B

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Gatica-Domínguez, G., Rothenberg, S. J., Torres-Sánchez, L., Schnaas, M. D. L., Schmidt, R. J., & López-Carrillo, L. (2018). Child dietary intake of folate and vitamin B12 and their neurodevelopment at 24 and 30 months of age. Salud Publica de Mexico, 60(4), 388-394. https://doi.org/10.21149/8581