Child demographics associated with outcomes in a community-based pivotal response training program

Mary J. Baker-Ericzén, Aubyn Stahmer, Amelia Burns

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

60 Scopus citations

Abstract

Although knowledge about the efficacy of treatments such as pivotal response training (PRT) for children with autism is increasing, studies of large-scale effectiveness for and transportability to diverse community populations are needed. The current study provides a large-scale preliminary assessment of (a) the effectiveness of a community-based parent education PRT intervention and (b) whether specific child variables are associated with outcomes. One hundred fifty-eight families with children having an autism spectrum diagnosis participated. Children were heterogeneous with regards to age, gender, and race/ethnicity. Results indicate that all of the children showed significant improvements in adaptive functioning on the Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales (Sparrow, Balla, & Cicchetti, 1984). However, younger children (3 years old or younger) showed the least impairment at intake and the most improvement postintervention. This is one of the first large-scale community studies of PRT that included a diverse sample.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)52-60
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Positive Behavior Interventions
Volume9
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2007

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Applied Psychology

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