Chest wall tumors

Sabrina A. Oldfield, Elizabeth David

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

The musculoskeletal structure of the chest wall serves to protect the thoracic and mediastinal viscera, while providing integrity for respiration. The complex relationship of all anatomic components contributes to its function but also makes it susceptible to a wide variety of pathology. Thus, tumors of the chest wall represent a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge. Chest wall masses have a broad differential diagnosis including local extension of intrathoracic lesions, presentations of systemic diseases or inflammatory processes, metastasis, and less frequently, primary tumors of the chest wall, which can be benign or malignant. More than 50 % are malignant and are most commonly a result of direct invasion or metastasis from adjacent thoracic tumors [1]. Overall, primary chest wall tumors make up less than 5 % of thoracic malignancies and vary widely in pathology, as they arise from all anatomic structures comprising the chest wall [2, 3]. This chapter reviews the pathology, options for diagnosis, and standard treatment of the various lesions arising from the chest wall.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationSurgery for Chest Wall Deformities
PublisherSpringer International Publishing
Pages83-100
Number of pages18
ISBN (Electronic)9783319439266
ISBN (Print)9783319439242
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2016

Keywords

  • Chemotherapy
  • Chest wall neoplasm
  • Diagnosis
  • Radiotherapy
  • Resection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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  • Cite this

    Oldfield, S. A., & David, E. (2016). Chest wall tumors. In Surgery for Chest Wall Deformities (pp. 83-100). Springer International Publishing. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-43926-6_8