Characterization of the point spread function and modulation transfer function of scattered radiation using a digital imaging system

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Abstract

A digital radiographic system was used to measure the distribution of scattered x radiation from uniform slabs of Lucite at various thicknesses. Using collimation and air gap techniques, [primary + scatter] images and primary images were digitally acquired, and subtracted to obtain scatter images. The scatter distributions measured using small circular apertures were computer fit to an analytical function, representing the circular aperture function convolved with a modified Gaussian point spread function (PSF). On the basis of goodness of fit criterion, the proposed Gaussian function is a very good model for the scatter PSF. The measured scatter PSF's are reported for various Lucite thicknesses. Using the PSF's, the modulation transfer functions are calculated, and this spatial frequency information may have value in analytical scatter removal techniques, grid design, and air gap optimization.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)254-256
Number of pages3
JournalMedical Physics
Volume13
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1986

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abstract = "A digital radiographic system was used to measure the distribution of scattered x radiation from uniform slabs of Lucite at various thicknesses. Using collimation and air gap techniques, [primary + scatter] images and primary images were digitally acquired, and subtracted to obtain scatter images. The scatter distributions measured using small circular apertures were computer fit to an analytical function, representing the circular aperture function convolved with a modified Gaussian point spread function (PSF). On the basis of goodness of fit criterion, the proposed Gaussian function is a very good model for the scatter PSF. The measured scatter PSF's are reported for various Lucite thicknesses. Using the PSF's, the modulation transfer functions are calculated, and this spatial frequency information may have value in analytical scatter removal techniques, grid design, and air gap optimization.",
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N2 - A digital radiographic system was used to measure the distribution of scattered x radiation from uniform slabs of Lucite at various thicknesses. Using collimation and air gap techniques, [primary + scatter] images and primary images were digitally acquired, and subtracted to obtain scatter images. The scatter distributions measured using small circular apertures were computer fit to an analytical function, representing the circular aperture function convolved with a modified Gaussian point spread function (PSF). On the basis of goodness of fit criterion, the proposed Gaussian function is a very good model for the scatter PSF. The measured scatter PSF's are reported for various Lucite thicknesses. Using the PSF's, the modulation transfer functions are calculated, and this spatial frequency information may have value in analytical scatter removal techniques, grid design, and air gap optimization.

AB - A digital radiographic system was used to measure the distribution of scattered x radiation from uniform slabs of Lucite at various thicknesses. Using collimation and air gap techniques, [primary + scatter] images and primary images were digitally acquired, and subtracted to obtain scatter images. The scatter distributions measured using small circular apertures were computer fit to an analytical function, representing the circular aperture function convolved with a modified Gaussian point spread function (PSF). On the basis of goodness of fit criterion, the proposed Gaussian function is a very good model for the scatter PSF. The measured scatter PSF's are reported for various Lucite thicknesses. Using the PSF's, the modulation transfer functions are calculated, and this spatial frequency information may have value in analytical scatter removal techniques, grid design, and air gap optimization.

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