Site-specific analysis of tyrosine hydroxylase phosphorylation in rat pheochromocytoma led previously to the identification of a novel growth factor-sensitive serine/threonine protein kinase, designated prolinedirected protein kinase (PDPK). In this article we describe further the activation, purification, subunit configurationbiochemical characteristics of this cytoplasmic enzyme system. In human A431 epidermoid carcinoma cells PDPK activity was found to be stimulated by epidermal growth factor in a dose-dependent, time-dependent manner. The PDPK purified from the cytosol of mouse FM3A mammary carcinoma cells exhibited the same chromatographic behavior and biochemical properties as the tyrosine hydroxylase-associated enzyme purified originally from rat pheochromocytoma. The presence of p34cdc2 was ultimately detected in all active fractions of highly purified PDPK by Western blotting and immunoprecipitation; however, it was determined that this catalytic subunit is complexed with a 58-kDa regulatory subunit that is clearly distinct from that of the "growth-associated" M phase-specific histone H1 kinase (i.e. cyclin B). The 58-kDa regulatory subunit of PDPK was identified by direct immunoblotting as a mammalian A-type cyclin. Furthermore, the p58cyclin A subunit of PDPK was found to be phosphorylated on tyrosine residues in vivo and in vitro, the latter of which resulted in a significant increase in PDPK activity. Additional distinctions between this growth factor-sensitive PDPK (p34cdc2-p58cyclin A) and the M phase-specific histone H1 kinase (p34cdc2-p62cyclin B-p13suc1) are identified on the basis of chromatographic behavior, enzyme kineticsphysicochemical properties. Based on these findings, it is proposed that PDPK represents a unique complex of the p34cdc2 protein kinase which is active in the cytoplasm of proliferative cells, is regulated differently from the M phase-specific histone H1 kinase by phosphorylation reactionsis modulated selectively by growth factors.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|State||Published - Sep 15 1991|
ASJC Scopus subject areas