Characterization of prenatal growth and development in the crab-eating macaque (Macaca fascicularis) by ultrasound

Alice F Tarantal, Andrew G Hendrickx

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

48 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Diagnostic ultrasound is a valuable tool for the examination of various anatomical structures in vivo. Improvements in technology have increased its effectiveness and provided a noninvasive method for the in utero observation of a variety of structural and functional events. Ultrasound is utilized in our laboratory to monitor a variety of studies during embryonic and fetal development. Basic to these evaluations is the ability to assess normal growth and development. The cynomolgus, or crab-eating macaque (Macaca fascicularis), has been observed in utero by ultrasound from early gestation to term. The earliest detection of implantation is by the identification of a developing gestational sac (GS), which may be visualized on gestational day (GD) 14-15. Positive identification of the GS on GD 16-18 and appearance of the embryo, yolk sac, and cardiac motion on GD 21-25 confirms pregnancy. Once the embryo is evident, measurements of the greatest length (GL) may be used to assess normal growth or to aid in the prediction of gestational age. During the fetal period, a variety of growth parameters aid in fetal evaluation. The gender of the fetus can be accurately identified as early as GD 70-75. An assessment of viability and condition can be determined by the observation of embryonic and fetal heart rates and gross body movement.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)177-184
Number of pages8
JournalAnatomical Record
Volume222
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1988

Fingerprint

Gestational Sac
prenatal development
Macaca fascicularis
Growth and Development
Macaca
growth and development
crab
crabs
embryo (animal)
Embryonic Structures
Embryonic and Fetal Development
Observation
ingestion
pregnancy
Pregnancy
Yolk Sac
Fetal Heart Rate
embryo
gestational age
yolk sac

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Anatomy

Cite this

Characterization of prenatal growth and development in the crab-eating macaque (Macaca fascicularis) by ultrasound. / Tarantal, Alice F; Hendrickx, Andrew G.

In: Anatomical Record, Vol. 222, No. 2, 1988, p. 177-184.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{a71ec458fe8a4dcb9d8d85a7445ed4ed,
title = "Characterization of prenatal growth and development in the crab-eating macaque (Macaca fascicularis) by ultrasound",
abstract = "Diagnostic ultrasound is a valuable tool for the examination of various anatomical structures in vivo. Improvements in technology have increased its effectiveness and provided a noninvasive method for the in utero observation of a variety of structural and functional events. Ultrasound is utilized in our laboratory to monitor a variety of studies during embryonic and fetal development. Basic to these evaluations is the ability to assess normal growth and development. The cynomolgus, or crab-eating macaque (Macaca fascicularis), has been observed in utero by ultrasound from early gestation to term. The earliest detection of implantation is by the identification of a developing gestational sac (GS), which may be visualized on gestational day (GD) 14-15. Positive identification of the GS on GD 16-18 and appearance of the embryo, yolk sac, and cardiac motion on GD 21-25 confirms pregnancy. Once the embryo is evident, measurements of the greatest length (GL) may be used to assess normal growth or to aid in the prediction of gestational age. During the fetal period, a variety of growth parameters aid in fetal evaluation. The gender of the fetus can be accurately identified as early as GD 70-75. An assessment of viability and condition can be determined by the observation of embryonic and fetal heart rates and gross body movement.",
author = "Tarantal, {Alice F} and Hendrickx, {Andrew G}",
year = "1988",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "222",
pages = "177--184",
journal = "Anatomical Record",
issn = "1932-8486",
publisher = "John Wiley and Sons Inc.",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Characterization of prenatal growth and development in the crab-eating macaque (Macaca fascicularis) by ultrasound

AU - Tarantal, Alice F

AU - Hendrickx, Andrew G

PY - 1988

Y1 - 1988

N2 - Diagnostic ultrasound is a valuable tool for the examination of various anatomical structures in vivo. Improvements in technology have increased its effectiveness and provided a noninvasive method for the in utero observation of a variety of structural and functional events. Ultrasound is utilized in our laboratory to monitor a variety of studies during embryonic and fetal development. Basic to these evaluations is the ability to assess normal growth and development. The cynomolgus, or crab-eating macaque (Macaca fascicularis), has been observed in utero by ultrasound from early gestation to term. The earliest detection of implantation is by the identification of a developing gestational sac (GS), which may be visualized on gestational day (GD) 14-15. Positive identification of the GS on GD 16-18 and appearance of the embryo, yolk sac, and cardiac motion on GD 21-25 confirms pregnancy. Once the embryo is evident, measurements of the greatest length (GL) may be used to assess normal growth or to aid in the prediction of gestational age. During the fetal period, a variety of growth parameters aid in fetal evaluation. The gender of the fetus can be accurately identified as early as GD 70-75. An assessment of viability and condition can be determined by the observation of embryonic and fetal heart rates and gross body movement.

AB - Diagnostic ultrasound is a valuable tool for the examination of various anatomical structures in vivo. Improvements in technology have increased its effectiveness and provided a noninvasive method for the in utero observation of a variety of structural and functional events. Ultrasound is utilized in our laboratory to monitor a variety of studies during embryonic and fetal development. Basic to these evaluations is the ability to assess normal growth and development. The cynomolgus, or crab-eating macaque (Macaca fascicularis), has been observed in utero by ultrasound from early gestation to term. The earliest detection of implantation is by the identification of a developing gestational sac (GS), which may be visualized on gestational day (GD) 14-15. Positive identification of the GS on GD 16-18 and appearance of the embryo, yolk sac, and cardiac motion on GD 21-25 confirms pregnancy. Once the embryo is evident, measurements of the greatest length (GL) may be used to assess normal growth or to aid in the prediction of gestational age. During the fetal period, a variety of growth parameters aid in fetal evaluation. The gender of the fetus can be accurately identified as early as GD 70-75. An assessment of viability and condition can be determined by the observation of embryonic and fetal heart rates and gross body movement.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0023692109&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0023692109&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

C2 - 3063137

AN - SCOPUS:0023692109

VL - 222

SP - 177

EP - 184

JO - Anatomical Record

JF - Anatomical Record

SN - 1932-8486

IS - 2

ER -