Using trans-diphenylpropane oxide (tDPPO) as a substrate, we measured epoxide hydrolase (EH) activity in subcellular fractions of Alternaria alternata f. sp. lycopersici (Aal), a fungus that produces host-specific toxins. The activity was mainly (>99.5%) located in the soluble fraction (100,000 x g supernatant) with the optimum pH at 7.4. An increase of toxin production between days 3 and 9 found in a Aal liquid culture over a 15 days period was concomitant with a period of high EH activity. EH activity remained constant during the same period in an Alternaria alternata culture, a fungus which does not produce toxin. In vivo treatment of Aal culture with the peroxisome proliferator clofibrate stimulated EH activity by 83% and enhanced toxin production 6.3 fold. Both 4-fluorochalcone oxide (4-FCO) and (2S,3S)-(-)-3-(4-nitrophenyl)-glycidol (SS-NPG) inhibited EH activity in vitro with a I50 of 23 ± 1 μM and 72 ± 19 μM, respectively. The possible physiological substrate 9,10-epoxystearic acid was hydrolyzed more efficiently by Aal sEH than the model substrates trans- and cis-stilbene oxide (TSO and CSO) and trans- and cis-diphenylpropane oxide (tDPPO and cDPPO).
- AAL toxins
- Epoxide hydrolase
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Agricultural and Biological Sciences (miscellaneous)
- Plant Science