Juvenile hormone (JH) esterase was purified greater than 1000-fold in one step from hemolymph and whole larval homogenates from the last larval instar of Trichoplusia ni to give a single diffuse band that migrates at Mr = 64,000 on sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. The purification was based on an affinity chromatography procedure that employs trifluoromethyl ketone ligands. Isoelectric focusing of the purified preparations resulted in multiple bands that coincided to all significant hydrolysis of juvenile hormone detected in this manner. Kinetic experiments using optically pure enantiomers of JH II as substrates showed the two main electromorphs of JH esterase from the hemolymph to have apparently identical kinetic parameters as well as a similar capability to distinguish between substrates that differ in the orientation of the epoxide moiety of JH. However, the enzyme could hydrolyze esters lacking the JH structure. The proteins were shown to be monomers and to have asparagine-linked oligosaccharides, most likely of hybrid structure. Immunochemical and other evidence showed that the affinity-purified proteins were responsible for all significant JH esterase activity during periods of rapid esterolysis in vivo.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|State||Published - Oct 5 1987|
ASJC Scopus subject areas