Characterization of a phospholipase A2 in hamster lung and in vitro and in vivo effects of bleomycin on this enzyme

Q. Wang, S. N. Giri, D. M. Hyde

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Phospholipase A2 (PLA2) activity from adult hamster lung was characterized using L-α-1-palmitoyl-2-arachidonyl-[arachidonyl-1-14C]-phosp hatidylcholine as the substrate. The released [14C]-arachidonic acid was separated by TLC. The enzyme activity increased with increasing incubation time (0-120 minutes), calcium ion concentration (0-25.0 mM) and protein (0-2.0 mg). The optimum pH was 8.0. Deoxycholate had a concentration dependent (0.1 to 0.5 mM) inhibitory effect on the activity. PLA2 specific activity was the highest in mitochondrial fraction. PLA2 activity following incubation with bleomycin was increased in a dose related fashion. In vivo study showed that both PLA2 activity and collagen content in hamster lung were significantly elevated at 14 days followed intratracheal instillation of bleomycin. The activation of PLA2 may play an important role in bleomycin-induced pulmonary toxicity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)85-92
Number of pages8
JournalProstaglandins, Leukotrienes and Essential Fatty Acids
Volume36
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1989

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

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