Characterization and heterogeneity of monoclonal antibodies directed to intestinal mucin derived from Crohn's disease small bowel

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A panel of 12 monoclonal antibodies were produced by immunization of Balb/c mice with small bowel epithelial cells obtained from a patient with active well-documented Crohn's disease. The clones were derived by screening with immunofluorescence microscopy; those with staining patterns suggestive of mucin directed epitopes were chosen for study. Several distinct patterns of staining reactivity were noted, including reagents with homogeneous, luminal, heterogeneous and peripheral goblet cell activity. In addition, SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) and immunoblotting analysis revealed reactivity to high molecular weight mucin. The reactive antigen was resistant to proteinase digestion. No endoneuraminidase activity was detected; however, one neuraminidase sensitive sialic acid epitope was demonstrated. Confirmation of glycoprotein epitopes was accomplished by testing purified mucins from several areas of the gastrointestinal tract by ELISA. Finally, individual small bowel goblet cell heterogeneity was demonstrated by immunofluorescence, Western blotting, and antibody affinity chromatography. These data demonstrate both by morphology and specific binding of antibody affinity chromatography a significant degree of small bowel goblet cell mucin heterogeneity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)269-280
Number of pages12
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1991


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology
  • Genetics

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