Chapter 1 The Molecular Basis of Translational Control

Christopher S. Fraser

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Our current understanding of eukaryotic protein synthesis has emerged from many years of biochemical, genetic and biophysical approaches. Significant insight into the molecular details of the mechanism has been obtained, although there are clearly many aspects of the process that remain to be resolved. Importantly, our understanding of the mechanism has identified a number of key stages in the pathway that contribute to the regulation of general and gene-specific translation. Not surprisingly, translational control is now widely accepted to play a role in aspects of cell stress, growth, development, synaptic function, aging, and disease. This chapter reviews the mechanism of eukaryotic protein synthesis and its relevance to translational control.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-51
Number of pages51
JournalProgress in Molecular Biology and Translational Science
Issue numberC
StatePublished - 2009


  • Initiation factor
  • mRNA
  • Peptide bond
  • Phosphorylation
  • Ribosome
  • Scanning

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Molecular Medicine


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