We examined the distribution of intermediate filaments in early quail embryos in order to determine whether these cytoskeletal proteins play a role in the epithelial-mesenchymal transitions that commonly occur during embryogenesis, e.g., the separation of neural-crest cells from the neural epithelium. The distribution of cytokeratins, vimentin, and desmin was examined in frozen sections of quail embryos at stages during which dramatic reorganizations of tissues take place. All embryonic tissues were found to contain either vimentin or cytokeratins, but the distribution of these cytoskeletal proteins was characteristic neither of the cellular organization (e.g., epithelium vs. mesenchyme) nor of the germ-layer derivation of the tissues. Cytokeratin monoclonal antibodies stained most embryonic epithelia (defined here as being sheet-like tissue with an underlying basement membrane), including epidermis and extraembryonic membranes derived in part from the ectoderm, splanchnopleure and kidney tubules derived from mesoderm, and endoderm. Cytokeratin antibodies did not stain some epithelia, including the neural tube, neural plate, and dermatome/myotome. Whereas the cytokeratin antibodies exclusively stained epithelia, the vimentin antibodies labeled both epithelial (the neural tube, dermatome/myotome, and somatic and splanchnic mesoderm) and mesenchymal tissues (the sclerotome and neural-crest cells), regardless of their germ-layer derivation. In early embryos, antibodies against desmin only stained the myotome and, in 4-day embryos, the heart and mesenchyme around the pharynx. As the distribution of intermediate-filament types did not reflect tissue organization or germ-layer derivation, we propose that the distribution of intermediate filaments in early avian embryos reflects the motile capacity of an embryonic cell and/or the presence of specialized cell junctions, i.e., desmosomes.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||10|
|State||Published - 1987|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology
- Developmental Biology
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine