Experimentally-induced type 1 hypersensitivities were induced in normal dogs to either ovalbumin or Ascaris antigen. In vitro and in vivo cell-mediated immune responses were measured before sensitization and again at 1 and 6 days after induction of anaphylaxis by intravenous challenge with antigen. Histamine-modulated lymphocyte functions, such as histamine-induced suppression, histamine co-mitogen induced blastogenesis and the in vivo cutaneous responses to intradermally injected mitogens decreased post anaphylaxis. Spontaneous suppression of the autologous mixed-lymphocyte reaction increased post anaphylaxis. Lymphocyte blastogenic response to Concanavalin A (Con A) decreased at 6 (but not at 1) days post anaphylaxis probably due to a mediator other than histamine. Blastogenesis of 24 h preincubated cells by suboptimal concentration of Con A, declined post anaphylaxis, but Con A-induced suppression was not significantly altered. Dogs with atopic dermatitis have some altered cell-mediated immune responses. Altered histamine-induced and spontaneous suppression, histamine suppression of mitogenesis and decreased contact sensitivity observed in this experimental type 1 hypersensitivity mimicked that of atopic dogs. Increased cutaneous response to mitogens observed in atopic dogs was not reproduced in the type 1 hypersensitive dogs. These findings suggest some of the altered cell-mediated immune functions observed in dogs with atopic dermatitis result from type 1 hypersensitivity. The other abnormalities may be intrinsic to the atopic state.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Animal Science and Zoology