Change in perception of sclerotherapy results after exposure to pre–post intervention photographs

Fabricio R. Santiago, Mario Piscoya, Yung-wei Chi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Objective: To evaluate patients’ self-perception of cosmetic improvement before and after they were presented with pre- and postprocedure photographs after sclerotherapy with 75% dextrose. Methods: Treatments included sclerotherapy of reticular and varicose veins using 75% dextrose. All treated limbs were photographed and classified according to Clinical, Etiology, Anatomy, and Pathology classification and Venous Clinical Severity Score pre- and posttreatment. The patients were queried before and after viewing the photos during these visits and indicated if they were very unsatisfied, dissatisfied, satisfied, or very satisfied. Nonparametric kappa correlation coefficient and a Chi square test were used to measure associations among agreement (p < 0.05 indicated statistical significance). The paired Wilcoxon test was used to compare statistical differences in mean Venous Clinical Severity Scores measured at different times (p < 0.05 indicated statistical significance). Data were analyzed using STATA software (version 12). Results: Individuals were more satisfied with the results of sclerotherapy after exposure to images portraying their limbs two months after the procedure (p = 0.0028). This effect was maintained six months after sclerotherapy (p = 0.0027). Conclusion: Patient exposure to pre- and postsurgical photographs is a simple intervention with the potential of improving patient satisfaction up to six months after treatment with sclerotherapy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2017


  • photography
  • satisfaction
  • Sclerotherapy
  • self-perception
  • varicose veins
  • venous disease

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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