Change in Dietary Patterns and Change in Waist Circumference and DXA Trunk Fat Among Postmenopausal Women

Elizabeth M. Cespedes Feliciano, Lesley Tinker, Jo Ann E Manson, Matthew Allison, Thomas Rohan, Oleg Zaslavsky, Molly E. Waring, Keiko Asao, Lorena Garcia, Milagros Rosal, Marian L. Neuhouser

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To examine whether changes in diet quality predict changes in central adiposity among postmenopausal women. Methods: At baseline and 3-year follow-up, Women's Health Initiative Observational Study participants completed food frequency questionnaires, and waist circumference was measured (WC, n = 67,175). In a subset, trunk fat was measured via dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA, n = 4,254). Using multivariable linear regression, 3-year changes in dietary patterns (Healthy Eating Index-2010, Alternate Healthy Eating Index-2010, Alternate Mediterranean Diet, and Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension) were examined as predictors of concurrent changes in WC and, secondarily, DXA. Results: Mean (SD) age and 3-year changes in weight and WC were 63 (7) years, 0.52 (4.26) kg, and 0.94 (6.65) cm. A 10% increase in any dietary pattern score, representing improved diet quality, was associated with 0.07 to 0.43 cm smaller increase in WC over 3 years (all P < 0.05). After adjusting for weight change, associations attenuated to 0.02 to 0.10 cm but remained statistically significant for all patterns except Alternate Mediterranean Diet. Results were similar for DXA trunk fat. Conclusions: Three-year improvements in diet quality are modestly protective against gain in WC and partially explained by lesser weight gain. Achieving and maintaining a healthful diet after menopause may protect against gains in central adiposity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2176-2184
Number of pages9
JournalObesity
Volume24
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2016

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Endocrinology
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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    Cespedes Feliciano, E. M., Tinker, L., Manson, J. A. E., Allison, M., Rohan, T., Zaslavsky, O., Waring, M. E., Asao, K., Garcia, L., Rosal, M., & Neuhouser, M. L. (2016). Change in Dietary Patterns and Change in Waist Circumference and DXA Trunk Fat Among Postmenopausal Women. Obesity, 24(10), 2176-2184. https://doi.org/10.1002/oby.21589