Cerebellar Mild Iron Accumulation in a Subset of FMR1 Premutation Carriers with FXTAS

Hailee Rogers, Jeanelle Ariza, Angela Monterrubio, Paul J Hagerman, Veronica Martinez-Cerdeno

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Fragile X-associated tremor/ataxia syndrome (FXTAS) is a late-onset neurodegenerative disorder associated with premutation alleles of the FMR1 gene. Iron is essential for many facets of cell metabolism in the brain but when altered is likely to contribute to the development of neurodegenerative diseases. We previously reported that iron accumulates in the choroid plexus and the putamen in FXTAS and that the level and distribution of key iron-binding proteins are also altered, suggesting a potential alteration of iron metabolism in the brain. Here, we hypothesize that iron metabolism is also altered in the FXTAS cerebellum. To test this hypothesis, we used cerebellum samples collected from FXTAS and control subjects and measured the amount of iron contained within the cerebellar cortex and dentate nucleus. We found that the number of iron deposits increased in the cerebellum only in a subset of cases of FXTAS. This accumulation is likely to be mediated by factors other than or in addition to CGG-repeat coupled pathology. Thus, iron deposition in the cerebellum cannot be used as a hallmark of FXTAS pathogenesis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)641-644
Number of pages4
JournalCerebellum
Volume15
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2016

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Keywords

  • cerebellum
  • Fragile X tremor ataxia
  • FXTAS
  • human
  • iron
  • Purkinje cells

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology

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