The central nervous system action of rat α-calcitonin gene-related peptide (α-CGRP) on gastric emptying of a liquid, noncaloric, methylcellulose solution was assessed in 24-hr fasted, conscious rats using phenol red method as a marker. Intracisternal injection of α-CGRP (0.75-250 pmol) dose-dependently inhibited gastric emptying by 27-94% as measured 20 min after oral administration of the solution. The ED50 was 6.2 pmol. α-CGRP injected intravenously at 250 pmol delayed gastric emptying by 71% whereas a lower dose (75 pmol) was inactive. Intracisternal α-CGRP-induced inhibition of gastric emptying was completely abolished by bilateral adrenalectomy and partially suppressed by subdiaphragmatic vagotomy or coeliac/superior mesenteric ganglionectomy. Adrenalectomy or vagotomy in saline-treated animals did not significantly modify the rate of gastric emptying whereas coeliac/superior mesenteric ganglionectomy caused a significant 29% inhibition as compared to the nonoperated group. These results demonstrate that α-CGRP is a potent centrally acting inhibitor of gastric emptying of a nonnutrient liquid. The inhibitory effect of intracisternal injection of CGRP appears to be mediated by the adrenal gland and in part by the sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous system.
- Adrenal glands
- Coeliac ganglion
- Gastric emptying
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience