Cellular response in naphthalene-induced Clara cell injury and bronchiolar epithelial repair in mice

L. S. Van Winkle, Alan R Buckpitt, S. J. Nishio, J. M. Isaac, Charles Plopper

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129 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Clara cells, progenitors for bronchiolar epithelium, are also primary targets for metabolically activated pulmonary cytotoxicants and have an abundance of the cytochrome P-450 monooxygenases required for xenobiotic metabolism. To define the repair pattern after massive Clara cell injury, mice were treated with naphthalene, and lungs evaluated 1-14 days postinjury (DPI). Clara cells of terminal bronchioles were vacuolated and swollen 1 DPI, exfoliated 2 DPI, and resembled controls at 14 DPI. The volume fraction of vacuolated cells was highest 1 and 2 DPI and minimal at 5-7 DPI. The volume fraction of normal nonciliated cells decreased 40% at 1 DPI. Cell proliferation increased within epithelium and interstitium at 1 DPI, was maximal at 2 DPI, and at all other time points was similar to baseline levels. Expression of Clara cell differentiation markers was barely detectable in terminal bronchiolar epithelium at 1 and 2 DPI, clearly detectable at 4 DPI, and gradually returned to control levels at 5-14 DPI. We conclude that bronchiolar epithelial repair after naphthalene injury involves distinct phases of proliferation and differentiation, proliferation of cells that are not differentiated Clara cells, and interaction of multiple cell types including nontarget cells.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology
Volume269
Issue number6 13-6
StatePublished - 1995

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Wounds and Injuries
Epithelium
Cell Differentiation
Cell Proliferation
Bronchioles
Lung
Differentiation Antigens
Xenobiotics
Cell Communication
Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System
naphthalene
Stem Cells

Keywords

  • cell proliferation
  • ciliated cells
  • differentiation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Cell Biology
  • Physiology

Cite this

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abstract = "Clara cells, progenitors for bronchiolar epithelium, are also primary targets for metabolically activated pulmonary cytotoxicants and have an abundance of the cytochrome P-450 monooxygenases required for xenobiotic metabolism. To define the repair pattern after massive Clara cell injury, mice were treated with naphthalene, and lungs evaluated 1-14 days postinjury (DPI). Clara cells of terminal bronchioles were vacuolated and swollen 1 DPI, exfoliated 2 DPI, and resembled controls at 14 DPI. The volume fraction of vacuolated cells was highest 1 and 2 DPI and minimal at 5-7 DPI. The volume fraction of normal nonciliated cells decreased 40{\%} at 1 DPI. Cell proliferation increased within epithelium and interstitium at 1 DPI, was maximal at 2 DPI, and at all other time points was similar to baseline levels. Expression of Clara cell differentiation markers was barely detectable in terminal bronchiolar epithelium at 1 and 2 DPI, clearly detectable at 4 DPI, and gradually returned to control levels at 5-14 DPI. We conclude that bronchiolar epithelial repair after naphthalene injury involves distinct phases of proliferation and differentiation, proliferation of cells that are not differentiated Clara cells, and interaction of multiple cell types including nontarget cells.",
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AU - Buckpitt, Alan R

AU - Nishio, S. J.

AU - Isaac, J. M.

AU - Plopper, Charles

PY - 1995

Y1 - 1995

N2 - Clara cells, progenitors for bronchiolar epithelium, are also primary targets for metabolically activated pulmonary cytotoxicants and have an abundance of the cytochrome P-450 monooxygenases required for xenobiotic metabolism. To define the repair pattern after massive Clara cell injury, mice were treated with naphthalene, and lungs evaluated 1-14 days postinjury (DPI). Clara cells of terminal bronchioles were vacuolated and swollen 1 DPI, exfoliated 2 DPI, and resembled controls at 14 DPI. The volume fraction of vacuolated cells was highest 1 and 2 DPI and minimal at 5-7 DPI. The volume fraction of normal nonciliated cells decreased 40% at 1 DPI. Cell proliferation increased within epithelium and interstitium at 1 DPI, was maximal at 2 DPI, and at all other time points was similar to baseline levels. Expression of Clara cell differentiation markers was barely detectable in terminal bronchiolar epithelium at 1 and 2 DPI, clearly detectable at 4 DPI, and gradually returned to control levels at 5-14 DPI. We conclude that bronchiolar epithelial repair after naphthalene injury involves distinct phases of proliferation and differentiation, proliferation of cells that are not differentiated Clara cells, and interaction of multiple cell types including nontarget cells.

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