Cellular and metabolic basis of Clara cell tolerance to multiple doses of cytochrome P450-activated cytotoxicants. I

Bronchiolar epithelial reorganization and expression of cytochrome P450 monooxygenases in mice exposed to multiple doses of naphthalene

J. Lakritz, A. Chang, A. Weir, S. Nishio, D. Hyde, R. Philpot, Alan R Buckpitt, Charles Plopper

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

30 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The objectives of this study were to quantitatively define alterations in the epithelial populations and expression of cytochrome P450 monooxygenases in distal airways which are associated with the tolerance resulting from repeated exposure of mice to the acute Clara cell toxicant, naphthalene. Bronchiolar epithelium of mice treated daily for 7 days with an acutely cytotoxic dose of naphthalene (200 mg/kg/day) quantitatively resembles the bronchiolar epithelium of control animals in terms of proportions of ciliated and nonciliated cells and nuclear and cytoplasmic volumes. Subsequent treatment of tolerant animals with higher doses (300 mg/kg) does not produce the same Clara cell injury observed in previously untreated mice after a single treatment with 300 mg/kg. After repeated exposures to naphthalene, cellular expression of immunoreactive cytochrome P450 monooxygenases 2B and 2F, P450 reductase and Clara cell secretory protein significantly decreased in bronchiolar epithelium. Although metabolism of naphthalene to the 1R,2S-naphthalene oxide is depressed in microsomes derived from whole-lung homogenates of tolerant animals, metabolism of naphthalene in distal airways isolated by microdissection is unchanged from the controls at saturating substrate concentrations. When substrate concentrations are less than the apparent K(m) for naphthalene (<0.05 mM), the rate of naphthalene metabolite production is markedly lower in distal airways of tolerant mice compared with controls. Covalent binding of reactive naphthalene metabolites in lungs of tolerant mice is also unchanged from control. In conclusion, after repeated exposure to short-term cytotoxic doses of naphthalene, distal bronchioles of tolerant mice 1) are lined by epithelium which resembles that of controls; 2) express lower levels of P450 proteins; 3) have reduced levels of naphthalene monooxygenase activity, but only at less than saturating concentrations and 4) have no decrease in covalent binding of reactive metabolites to proteins.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1408-1418
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics
Volume278
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1996

Fingerprint

Mixed Function Oxygenases
Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System
Epithelium
Uteroglobin
Cell Nucleus Size
naphthalene
Bronchioles
Lung
Microdissection
Microsomes
Oxidoreductases
Proteins
Wounds and Injuries

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology

Cite this

@article{ba2d9a94a8944cd686d0db0781cd1843,
title = "Cellular and metabolic basis of Clara cell tolerance to multiple doses of cytochrome P450-activated cytotoxicants. I: Bronchiolar epithelial reorganization and expression of cytochrome P450 monooxygenases in mice exposed to multiple doses of naphthalene",
abstract = "The objectives of this study were to quantitatively define alterations in the epithelial populations and expression of cytochrome P450 monooxygenases in distal airways which are associated with the tolerance resulting from repeated exposure of mice to the acute Clara cell toxicant, naphthalene. Bronchiolar epithelium of mice treated daily for 7 days with an acutely cytotoxic dose of naphthalene (200 mg/kg/day) quantitatively resembles the bronchiolar epithelium of control animals in terms of proportions of ciliated and nonciliated cells and nuclear and cytoplasmic volumes. Subsequent treatment of tolerant animals with higher doses (300 mg/kg) does not produce the same Clara cell injury observed in previously untreated mice after a single treatment with 300 mg/kg. After repeated exposures to naphthalene, cellular expression of immunoreactive cytochrome P450 monooxygenases 2B and 2F, P450 reductase and Clara cell secretory protein significantly decreased in bronchiolar epithelium. Although metabolism of naphthalene to the 1R,2S-naphthalene oxide is depressed in microsomes derived from whole-lung homogenates of tolerant animals, metabolism of naphthalene in distal airways isolated by microdissection is unchanged from the controls at saturating substrate concentrations. When substrate concentrations are less than the apparent K(m) for naphthalene (<0.05 mM), the rate of naphthalene metabolite production is markedly lower in distal airways of tolerant mice compared with controls. Covalent binding of reactive naphthalene metabolites in lungs of tolerant mice is also unchanged from control. In conclusion, after repeated exposure to short-term cytotoxic doses of naphthalene, distal bronchioles of tolerant mice 1) are lined by epithelium which resembles that of controls; 2) express lower levels of P450 proteins; 3) have reduced levels of naphthalene monooxygenase activity, but only at less than saturating concentrations and 4) have no decrease in covalent binding of reactive metabolites to proteins.",
author = "J. Lakritz and A. Chang and A. Weir and S. Nishio and D. Hyde and R. Philpot and Buckpitt, {Alan R} and Charles Plopper",
year = "1996",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "278",
pages = "1408--1418",
journal = "Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics",
issn = "0022-3565",
publisher = "American Society for Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Cellular and metabolic basis of Clara cell tolerance to multiple doses of cytochrome P450-activated cytotoxicants. I

T2 - Bronchiolar epithelial reorganization and expression of cytochrome P450 monooxygenases in mice exposed to multiple doses of naphthalene

AU - Lakritz, J.

AU - Chang, A.

AU - Weir, A.

AU - Nishio, S.

AU - Hyde, D.

AU - Philpot, R.

AU - Buckpitt, Alan R

AU - Plopper, Charles

PY - 1996

Y1 - 1996

N2 - The objectives of this study were to quantitatively define alterations in the epithelial populations and expression of cytochrome P450 monooxygenases in distal airways which are associated with the tolerance resulting from repeated exposure of mice to the acute Clara cell toxicant, naphthalene. Bronchiolar epithelium of mice treated daily for 7 days with an acutely cytotoxic dose of naphthalene (200 mg/kg/day) quantitatively resembles the bronchiolar epithelium of control animals in terms of proportions of ciliated and nonciliated cells and nuclear and cytoplasmic volumes. Subsequent treatment of tolerant animals with higher doses (300 mg/kg) does not produce the same Clara cell injury observed in previously untreated mice after a single treatment with 300 mg/kg. After repeated exposures to naphthalene, cellular expression of immunoreactive cytochrome P450 monooxygenases 2B and 2F, P450 reductase and Clara cell secretory protein significantly decreased in bronchiolar epithelium. Although metabolism of naphthalene to the 1R,2S-naphthalene oxide is depressed in microsomes derived from whole-lung homogenates of tolerant animals, metabolism of naphthalene in distal airways isolated by microdissection is unchanged from the controls at saturating substrate concentrations. When substrate concentrations are less than the apparent K(m) for naphthalene (<0.05 mM), the rate of naphthalene metabolite production is markedly lower in distal airways of tolerant mice compared with controls. Covalent binding of reactive naphthalene metabolites in lungs of tolerant mice is also unchanged from control. In conclusion, after repeated exposure to short-term cytotoxic doses of naphthalene, distal bronchioles of tolerant mice 1) are lined by epithelium which resembles that of controls; 2) express lower levels of P450 proteins; 3) have reduced levels of naphthalene monooxygenase activity, but only at less than saturating concentrations and 4) have no decrease in covalent binding of reactive metabolites to proteins.

AB - The objectives of this study were to quantitatively define alterations in the epithelial populations and expression of cytochrome P450 monooxygenases in distal airways which are associated with the tolerance resulting from repeated exposure of mice to the acute Clara cell toxicant, naphthalene. Bronchiolar epithelium of mice treated daily for 7 days with an acutely cytotoxic dose of naphthalene (200 mg/kg/day) quantitatively resembles the bronchiolar epithelium of control animals in terms of proportions of ciliated and nonciliated cells and nuclear and cytoplasmic volumes. Subsequent treatment of tolerant animals with higher doses (300 mg/kg) does not produce the same Clara cell injury observed in previously untreated mice after a single treatment with 300 mg/kg. After repeated exposures to naphthalene, cellular expression of immunoreactive cytochrome P450 monooxygenases 2B and 2F, P450 reductase and Clara cell secretory protein significantly decreased in bronchiolar epithelium. Although metabolism of naphthalene to the 1R,2S-naphthalene oxide is depressed in microsomes derived from whole-lung homogenates of tolerant animals, metabolism of naphthalene in distal airways isolated by microdissection is unchanged from the controls at saturating substrate concentrations. When substrate concentrations are less than the apparent K(m) for naphthalene (<0.05 mM), the rate of naphthalene metabolite production is markedly lower in distal airways of tolerant mice compared with controls. Covalent binding of reactive naphthalene metabolites in lungs of tolerant mice is also unchanged from control. In conclusion, after repeated exposure to short-term cytotoxic doses of naphthalene, distal bronchioles of tolerant mice 1) are lined by epithelium which resembles that of controls; 2) express lower levels of P450 proteins; 3) have reduced levels of naphthalene monooxygenase activity, but only at less than saturating concentrations and 4) have no decrease in covalent binding of reactive metabolites to proteins.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0030433048&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0030433048&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

VL - 278

SP - 1408

EP - 1418

JO - Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics

JF - Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics

SN - 0022-3565

IS - 3

ER -