CD1 expression defines subsets of follicular and marginal zone B cells in the spleen: β2-microglobulin-dependent and independent forms

Masahiko Amano, Nicole Baumgarth, Michael D. Dick, Laurent Brossay, Mitchell Kronenberg, Lee A. Herzenberg, Samuel Strober

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

125 Scopus citations


We have used multicolor FACS analysis, immunohistology, and functional assays to study the expression of CD1 on B cell subsets from normal and β2m(-/-) mice. Two B cell subpopulations were identified that express high levels of CD1 in normal mice: splenic marginal zone B cells (IgM(high) IgD(low) CD21(high) CD24(intermediate) CD23- CD43-) and a newly identified subpopulation of follicular B cells. The latter cells are unusual, because they are IgD(high) CD23+, like follicular B cells, but express high levels of CD21 and IgM, an expression pattern that is associated with marginal zone B cells. Therefore, the high-level expression of CD1 and CD21 was found to be closely associated on splenic B cells. Immunohistology confirmed the expression of CD1 on marginal zone B cells and on clusters of B cells in splenic follicles. Both the high-level CD1 expression by these cells and the low-level CD1 expression by subpopulations of B cells in the spleen, lymph node, peritoneal cavity, and bone marrow were markedly reduced in β2m(-/-) mice. Despite this, a CD1-restricted T cell clone proliferated vigorously in response to LPS-activated spleen cells that had been obtained from both β2m(-/-) and wild-type mice. This response was inhibited by the 3C11 anti- CD1 mAb. These results show the heterogeneity of B cell subsets in their expression of the β2m-dependent form of CD1. They further suggest that β2m-independent form of CD1 is expressed on B cells that can stimulate T cells; however, this form is not easily visualized with the anti-CD1 mAb used here.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1710-1717
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Immunology
Issue number4
StatePublished - Aug 15 1998
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology


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