Epoxymethylstearate, 9,10- and 12,13-epoxymethyloleates, and a mixture of isomers of epoxymethylarachidonate and diepoxymethylstearate were synthesized, and their metabolic rates were measured using crude and purified cytosolic epoxide hydrolase. Hepatic epoxide hydrolase was purified from human samples and clofibrate-fed mice by affinity chromatography. The major metabolites under these conditions of all the epoxy fatty esters were their vicinal diols whose structures were confirmed by GC-MS. 12,13-Epoxymethyloleate was metabolized faster than 9,10-epoxymethyloleate and other epoxy fatty esters, but all substrates were turned over rapidly. This rapid turnover suggests that epoxy fatty acids may be endogenous substrates for the cytosolic epoxide hydrolase.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology