We have examined the inhibitory regulation by Ca2+ of the adenylate cyclase activity associated with microsomes isolated from bovine aorta smooth muscle. In the presence of 2 mm MgCl2, Ca2+ (0.8-100 μm) inhibited in a noncompetitive manner activation of the enzyme by GTP, Gpp[NH]p, or forskolin. In all instances the value for half-maximal inhibition was between 2 and 3 μm. In contrast, Ca2+ inhibited the activation by MgCl2 (2-50 mm), alone or in the presence of GTP, in a competitive manner. The inhibition of adenylate cyclase by 10 μm Ca2+ was reversed in the presence of either 5 or 25 μm calmodulin or troponin C. These data show that (i) Ca2+, at concentrations similar to those which activate smooth muscle contraction, inhibits the stimulation of adenylate cyclase by several activators; (ii) Ca2+ and Mg2+ compete for a common site on the smooth muscle adenylate cyclase complex; and (iii) the reversal of Ca2+-dependent inhibition by Ca2+-binding proteins may be produced by chelation of the metal by these proteins.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology