Case method teaching

An effective approach to integrate the basic and clinical sciences in the preclinical medical curriculum

Constance M. Bowe, John C Voss, H. Thomas Aretz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

58 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Recent efforts to identify the essential skills and competencies required for medical practice have resulted in an expansion of the educational outcomes for which medical schools are accountable. Teachers in the preclinical years, formerly focused on the transmission of biomedical principles and factual information, are now charged with presenting discipline-specific concepts with an emphasis on clinical relevance while advancing active learning, critical thinking, communication skills, and other professional competencies. Problem-based learning has been widely introduced to support these educational goals but other, less resource-intensive, discussion methodologies have not been extensively explored. Aim: To examine the feasibility of case-method teaching (CMT) during the preclinical curricula to integrate basic science concepts in the management of clinical problems. Methods: CMT sessions were conducted with students during the first- and second-year of hybrid curricula at two US medical schools. Results: First- and second-year medical classes of 40-95 students prepared for and actively engaged in single session case discussions and were able to productively apply basic science principles in clinical problem-solving. Conclusion: CMT represents a feasible and resource-conservative pedagogical format to promote critical thinking and to integrate basic science principles during the preclinical curriculum.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)834-841
Number of pages8
JournalMedical Teacher
Volume31
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - 2009

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teaching method
Curriculum
Teaching
Problem-Based Learning
Medical Schools
curriculum
science
Students
medical practice
communication skills
resources
school
learning
student
Communication
methodology
teacher
management
Thinking

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Education

Cite this

Case method teaching : An effective approach to integrate the basic and clinical sciences in the preclinical medical curriculum. / Bowe, Constance M.; Voss, John C; Thomas Aretz, H.

In: Medical Teacher, Vol. 31, No. 9, 2009, p. 834-841.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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