Case 38-2009: A 16-year-old boy with paroxysmal headaches and visual changes

Steven D. Brass, Marc J. Dinkin, Ziv Williams, Kalpathy S. Krishnamoorthy, William A. Copen, Stefanie H. Freeman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


A boy was first seen in the pediatric neurology clinic at 16 years of age because of paroxysmal headaches and visual changes. Physical and neurologic examinations were normal, and imaging studies showed no intracranial abnormalities. Headaches persisted despite a variety of therapies and during the next 4 years were associated with transient weakness, loss of consciousness, obtundation, and back pain. Intermittent optic-disk edema was noted. When the patient was 21 years old, lumbar puncture revealed an opening pressure of 25 cm of water; several hours later, symptoms of cauda equina syndrome developed. A diagnostic procedure was performed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalNew England Journal of Medicine
Issue number24
StatePublished - Dec 10 2009
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


Dive into the research topics of 'Case 38-2009: A 16-year-old boy with paroxysmal headaches and visual changes'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this