Cartilage transplantation techniques for talar cartilage lesions

Matthew E. Mitchell, Eric Giza, Martin R. Sullivan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

44 Scopus citations


Talar articular cartilage is known to differ significantly from knee cartilage. Even so, recommendations for the treatment of talar cartilage lesions have been based on strategies for the knee. Arthroscopic management of osteochondral lesions of the talus is well documented. Results have been favorable with reparative techniques such as debridement with curettage and debridement with drilling, whether undertaken via early open techniques or more recent arthroscopic procedures. Salvage of failed reparative techniques is controversial. Early efforts to salvage failed debridement focused on osteochondral allografts and autografts that used the knee as a donor site. Results of these restorative techniques have been favorable, but concerns have been raised regarding knee donor site morbidity, the use of malleolar osteotomy, and incomplete restoration of the talar articular surface. More recent restorative techniques developed for the knee have been adapted for the ankle, such as autologous chondrocyte implantation and matrix-induced autologous chondrocyte implantation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)407-414
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 2009

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine


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