Cardiovascular effects of romifidine in dogs

Bruno H Pypendop, John P. Verstegen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

37 Scopus citations


Objective - To characterize the cardiovascular effects of romifidine at doses ranging from 5 to 100 μg/kg of body weight, IV. Animals - 25 clinically normal male Beagles. Procedure - Romifidine was administered IV at a dose of 5, 10, 25, 50, or 100 μg/kg (n = 5/group). Heart rate, arterial pressure, central venous pressure, mean pulmonary arterial pressure, pulmonary capillary wedge pressure, body temperature, cardiac output, and PCV were measured immediately prior to and at selected times after romifidine administration. Cardiac index, stroke index, rate-pressure product, systemic and pulmonary vascular resistance indices, and left and right ventricular stroke work indices were calculated. Degree of sedation was assessed by an observer who was blinded to the dose administered. Results - Romifidine induced a decrease in heart rate, pulmonary arterial pressure, rate-pressure product, cardiac index, and right ventricular stroke work index and an increase in central venous pressure, pulmonary capillary wedge pressure, and systemic vascular resistance index. In dogs given romifidine at a dose of 25, 50, or 100 μg/kg, an initial increase followed by a prolonged decrease in arterial pressure was observed. Arterial pressure immediately decreased in dogs given romifidine at a dose of 5 or 10 μg/kg. Conclusions and Clinical Relevance - Results suggest that IV administration of romifidine induces dose-dependent cardiovascular changes in dogs. However, the 2 lowest doses (5 and 10 μg/kg) induced less cardiovascular depression, and doses ≥ 25 μg/kg induced similar cardiovascular changes, suggesting that there may be a ceiling on the cardiovascular effects of romifidine.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)490-495
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Veterinary Research
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 2001

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)


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