Cardiothoracic Surgery Training Program Director Awareness of Available Visiting Medical Student Clerkships for the Underrepresented in Medicine

Angelica C. Martin, Luis A. Godoy, Lisa M. Brown, David T. Cooke

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


A diversity gap exists within cardiothoracic (CT) surgery that might be addressed with currently available medical student pipeline programs. We sought to assess CT surgery residency/fellowship program directors’ (PD) awareness of and participation in underrepresented in medicine visiting medical student clerkship programs (UIM-VMSCPs). We reviewed the ACGME program finder database and medical school websites to identify thoracic surgery training programs that: (1) offer visiting student clerkships (VSCs), (2) are affiliated with an institution offering a UIM-VMSCP, (3) are at an institution where the existing UIM-VMSCP specifically offers rotations in CT surgery. The PDs in the second group were surveyed via e-mail, assessing their level of awareness of UIM-VMSCPs at their institution, participation in UIM-VMSCPs over the past 3 years, and desire to participate in a UIM-VMSCP in the future. All (n = 76) ACGME CT surgery training programs were affiliated with institutions that offered VSCs in multiple disciplines. Over half, 55.3%, of the programs offered access to visiting students and 61.8% were at institutions with existing UIM-VMSCPs. Our response rate for the 47 PDs from institutions with UIM-VMSCPs was 38.2%. Of the respondents, 61.1% were aware of the UIM-VMSCP at their institution and 44.4% participated in the past 3 years. Most, 88.9% were interested in participating in their institution's UIM-VMSCP in the future. Only half of CT surgery training programs offer VSCs and even fewer are at institutions with an existing UIM-VMSCP that offers a CT surgery clerkship. This is a lost opportunity to broaden exposure to the specialty and increase diversity within the CT surgery workforce.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalSeminars in Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
StateAccepted/In press - 2021
Externally publishedYes


  • Cardiothoracic surgery
  • Diversity
  • Residency
  • Visiting medical student clerkships

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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