Carbon monoxide generated by wood and natural gas cooking fuels in semi-rural Pakistani kitchens

Amna R. Siddiqui, K. Kiyoung Lee, Deborah H Bennett, Xiaowei Yang, Kenneth H. Brown, Zulfiqar A. Bhutta, Ellen B Gold

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

CO was measured in kitchens using wood or natural gas (NG) as cooking fuels in a semi-rural community in Rehri Goth, Pakistan. None of the cooking areas had chimneys; 86% of wood and 80% of NG users cooked in separate kitchens. CO levels differed significantly across all summary statistics by type of fuel. No significant differences were observed across the income groups within each fuel group by parametric or non-parametric statistical tests of significance. Wood users spent more time in the kitchen during fuel burning than NG users. The mean duration of time spent in the kitchen by the participant increased significantly with increasing quartiles of fuel burning duration in wood users and NO users. Cooking with wood fuel exposed the women to hazardous concentrations of CO that were significantly higher than using NG fuel. This is an abstract of a paper presented at the 100th Annual Conference and Exhibition of the Air and Waste Management Association 2007 (Pittsburgh, PA, 6/26-29/2007).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings of the Air and Waste Management Association's Annual Conference and Exhibition, AWMA
Pages3643-3655
Number of pages13
Volume6
StatePublished - 2007
EventAir and Waste Management Association - 100th Annual Conference and Exhibition of the Air and Waste Management Association 2007 - Pittsburgh, PA, United States
Duration: Jun 26 2007Jun 29 2007

Other

OtherAir and Waste Management Association - 100th Annual Conference and Exhibition of the Air and Waste Management Association 2007
CountryUnited States
CityPittsburgh, PA
Period6/26/076/29/07

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Energy(all)

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  • Cite this

    Siddiqui, A. R., Lee, K. K., Bennett, D. H., Yang, X., Brown, K. H., Bhutta, Z. A., & Gold, E. B. (2007). Carbon monoxide generated by wood and natural gas cooking fuels in semi-rural Pakistani kitchens. In Proceedings of the Air and Waste Management Association's Annual Conference and Exhibition, AWMA (Vol. 6, pp. 3643-3655)