Surface coil 13C nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy was used to investigate the in vivo carbohydrate metabolism of rat C6 gliomas during and after infusion with [1-13C] glucose. In vivo 1H-decoupled 13C NMR spectra of the glioma following infusion with [1-13C]glucose revealed the direct production of [3-13C]lactic acid, [1-13C]glycogen, and [4-13C], [3-13C], and [2-13C]glutamate/glutamine. Lactate levels of in vivo gliomas increased and reached steady state levels during [1-13C]glucose infusion, and decreased following termination of infusion. Complementary in vitro studies using supernatant media collected from C6 glioma cells incubated with media containing [1-13C] or [6-13C]glucose and glutamine were examined by 1H NMR spectroscopy. The [3-(13C/12C)]lactate ratios obtained from 1H spectra of supernatant media containing [1-13C]glucose revealed the percentage of glucose metabolized through the hexose monophosphate shunt to be 10.01 +/- 0.85% (n = 3), while similar measurements of media containing [6-13C]glucose and glutamine showed that glutaminolysis contributed 9.0 +/- 1.0% of total lactate production under these conditions. Enzymatic analysis of media determined lactate production to be 139 +/- 9 nmol per 10(6) cells per h (n = 4). These measurements demonstrate the ability of NMR to monitor brain tumor carbohydrate metabolism both in vitro and in vivo.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||NMR in Biomedicine|
|State||Published - Feb 1988|
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