Helicobacter cinaedi may cause proctocolitis or bacteremia in homosexual men infected with human immunodeficiency virus or occasionally in other immunocompromised hosts. There are scattered reports of H. cinaedi isolated from a variety of animal hosts, but to date only hamsters have been found to be a common natural reservoir. Microaerophillic cultures of feces from 5 of 16 asymptomatic rhesus monkeys (Macaca mulatta) (31%) were positive for a curved gram-negative rod. A polyphasic taxonomic approach was used to identify the organism as H. cinaedi. These results show that H. cinaedi frequently colonizes asymptomatic captive rhesus monkeys, which may serve as another potential reservoir for human infection.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Microbiology (medical)