Capsaicin-sensitive vagal afferents and CCK in inhibition of gastric motor function induced by intestinal nutrients

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60 Scopus citations

Abstract

The role of vagal afferent pathways and cholecystokinin (CCK) in mediating changes in gastric motor function after a meal was investigated in urethane-anesthetized rats. Proximal gastric motor function was measured manometrically, and nutrients were infused into an isolated segment of duodenum. Inhibition of gastric motility in response to duodenal infusion of protein (peptone or casein), but not carbohydrate (glucose), was significantly attenuated by administration of the CCK antagonist, L364,718. Selective ablation of vagal afferents by perineural treatment with the sensory neurotoxin, capsaicin, significantly reduced responses to both duodenal protein and glucose. These results suggest that protein in the duodenum decreases proximal gastric motor function via release of CCK and a vagal capsaicin-sensitive afferent pathway. In contrast, glucose acts via a capsaicin-sensitive vagal pathway not involving CCK. Thus separate neural and hormonal mechanisms mediate the effects of different nutrients in the duodenal feedback regulation of gastric motor function.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1279-1283
Number of pages5
JournalPeptides
Volume12
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 1991

Keywords

  • Capsaicin
  • Carbohydrates
  • CCK "A" receptor antagonist
  • Gastric corpus
  • Protein
  • Soybean trypsin inhibitor
  • Vagal afferents

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Endocrinology
  • Physiology
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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