Canine stifle joint biomechanics associated with tibial plateau leveling osteotomy predicted by use of a computer model

Nathan P. Brown, Gina E. Bertocci, Denis J Marcellin-Little

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective-To evaluate effects of tibial plateau leveling osteotomy (TPLO) on canine stifle joint biomechanics in a cranial cruciate ligament (CrCL)-deficient stifle joint by use of a 3-D computer model simulating the stance phase of gait and to compare biomechanics in TPLOmanaged, CrCL-intact, and CrCL-deficient stifle joints. Sample-Computer simulations of the pelvic limb of a Golden Retriever. Procedures-A previously developed computer model of the canine pelvic limb was used to simulate TPLO stabilization to achieve a tibial plateau angle (TPA) of 5° (baseline value) in a CrCL-deficient stifle joint. Sensitivity analysis was conducted for tibial fragment rotation of 13° to -3°. Ligament loads, relative tibial translation, and relative tibial rotation were determined and compared with values for CrCL-intact and CrCL-deficient stifle joints. Results-TPLO with a 5° TPA converted cranial tibial translation to caudal tibial translation and increased loads placed on the remaining stifle joint ligaments, compared with results for a CrCL-intact stifle joint. Lateral collateral ligament load was similar, medial collateral ligament load increased, and caudal cruciate ligament load decreased after TPLO, compared with loads for a CrCL-deficient stifle joint. Relative tibial rotation after TPLO was similar to that of a CrCL-deficient stifle joint. Stifle joint biomechanics were affected by TPLO fragment rotation. Conclusions and Clinical Relevance-In the model, stifle joint biomechanics were partially improved after TPLO, compared with CrCL-deficient stifle joint biomechanics, but TPLO did not fully restore CrCL-intact stifle joint biomechanics. Overrotation of the tibial fragment negatively influenced stifle joint biomechanics by increasing caudal tibial translation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)626-632
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican Journal of Veterinary Research
Volume75
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2014
Externally publishedYes

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

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